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Table 3 Descriptive analysis of the set of 38 items in the Brazilian sample (n = 424)

From: Development and validation of the Brazilian version of the Attitudes to Aging Questionnaire (AAQ): An example of merging classical psychometric theory and the Rasch measurement model

Item content Mean SD MV(%) Distribution Skew Kurt
     1 2 3 4 5   
1 People as old as they feel 3.42 1.18 0 7.3 19.3 13.7 42.9 16.7 -.52 -.76
2 Better able to cope with life 3.81 .781 0 .9 6.4 16.7 62.3 16.7 .781 1.411
3 Old age time of illness 2.24 1.015 0 25 42.2 17.5 14.4 .9 .554 -.549
4 Privilege to grow old 3.96 .93 0 1.9 6.6 14.6 47.6 29.2 -.96 .82
5 Interested in new technology 3.0 1.02 0 6.8 27.1 30.7 30.2 5.2 -.087 -.748
6 Interested in love 3.64 .881 0 2.4 8 25.2 52.4 12 -.766 .666
7 Old age is a time of loneliness 2.27 1.029 0 23.3 44.1 16.3 14.6 1.7 1.029 -.409
8 Wisdom comes with age 3.76 .872 0 1.4 8.7 18.2 55.9 15.8 .872 .664
9 Pleasant things about growing older 3.79 .826 0 1.2 7.8 16.5 60.1 14.4 .826 1.082
10 Old age depressing time of life 2.38 .997 0 19.1 41.5 22.2 16.5 .7 .997 -.752
11 Capacities and abilities decline with age 3.54 .870 .2 3.1 11.6 18.4 62.4 4.5 -1.145 .832
12 Important to take exercise at any age 4.26 .666 0 .7 1.4 4 59 34.9 .666 4.101
13 Growing older easier than I thought 3.41 .981 0 5.9 9.7 30.2 45.8 8.5 .981 .261
14 More difficult to talk about feelings 2.44 1.118 0 25.9 26.4 26.9 19.1 1.7 1.118 -1.073
15 More accepting of myself 3.10 1.097 0 10.1 18.4 29.2 35.6 6.6 1.097 -.674
16 I don't feel old 3.40 1.132 0 8.3 12.3 25.2 39.4 14.9 1.132 -.389
17 Old age mainly as a time of loss 2.17 1.137 0 38.4 23.3 22.2 14.6 1.4 1.137 -.970
18 Personal beliefs mean more as I grow older 3.61 1.18 0 9.5 8.5 16 44.8 21.5 -.868 -.051
19 My identity is not defined by my age 3.29 1.133 .2 11.6 9.9 25 44.3 9 1.133 -.333
20 More energy than I expected for my age 3.32 1.063 .2 6.9 16.1 23.3 44.7 8.7 1.063 -.408
21 Loss physical independence as I get older 2.80 1.156 0 18.2 20.3 28.5 29 3.8 1.156 -1.039
22 Physical health problems don't hold me back 3.25 1.176 .2 11.1 15.1 22.2 40.4 11.1 1.176 -.686
23 Unhappy with changes in physical appearance 2.16 1.128 .2 38.5 23.9 21.7 14.7 1.2 .496 -.979
24 More difficult to make new friends 2.08 1.162 0 44.8 19.6 18.6 15.8 .9 1.162 -1.030
25 Pass on benefits of experience 3.94 .821 .5 1.4 4.3 15.4 56.6 22.3 .821 1.618
26 Fear loosing financial independence 2.36 1.287 .2 38.1 17 19.9 21 4 -.358 -1.239
27 Time to do things that really interest me 3.43 1.00 .5 5.9 11.1 26.1 47.7 9.5 -.741 .109
28 Want continue doing work long as possible 3.58 1.23 .2 10.2 9.5 16.8 39.2 24.3 -.760 -.372
29 Worried I'll become a financial burden to family 2.23 1.28 .2 40.9 21.5 16.5 15.6 5.4 .636 -.855
30 Believe my life has made a difference 3.73 .847 .2 2.4 5.4 22.2 56.5 13.5 .847 1.369
31 Just as meaning now as always 3.73 .931 .5 2.4 9.7 16.8 54.5 16.6 -.882 .602
32 Don't feel involved in society 2.55 1.184 .5 25.9 21.5 25.5 24.3 2.4 1.184 -1.229
33 Want to give a good example 4.07 .735 .2 1.4 1.9 9.7 62.6 24.3 .735 3.619
34 I feel excluded because of my age 2.17 1.143 .2 39.2 20.8 25 13 1.9 1.143 -.928
35 Future fills me with dread 2.12 1.15 .5 41 23 21.8 11.1 3.1 .673 -.597
36 Health is better than expected for my age 3.38 1.122 .2 8.7 13 22 44.4 11.8 1.122 -.361
37 Keep myself fit and active by exercising 3.02 1.284 .5 17.1 17.8 23.7 29.1 12.3 1.284 -1.077
38 Important relationships become more satisfying 3.26 1.03 .2 7.8 12.3 34.5 36.9 8.5 -.499 -.195
  1. Items in bold were retained in the international final version