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Table 3 Adjusted odds ratios (95%CI) and unadjusted odds ratios (95%CI) of caregiver rating not equal to patient on the palliative outcomes of advanced cancer patients, caregivers with higher compared to lower scores of ZBI/positivity, results were derived from logistic regression models and adjusted or not adjusted for primary cancer site, caregiver age, caregiver sex, relationship to patient, patient living status and caregiver employment status (N = 64).

From: Caregiver assessment of patients with advanced cancer: concordance with patients, effect of burden and positivity

Question Burden (higher vs lower) Positivity (higher vs lower)
  Adjusted-OR (95%CI) Unadjusted-OR (95%) Adjusted-OR* (95%CI) Unadjusted-OR (95%CI)
Pain 0.53(0.14–2.02) 0.88(0.33 to 2.34) 1.80(0.52–6.23) 1.63 (0.61 to 4.40)
Other symptoms 0.53(0.16–1.78) 0.59(0.22 to 1.61) 2.38(0.71–8.02) 1.43(0.53 to 3.84)
Feeling anxious 4.50(1.30–15.59)* 3.18 (1.15 to 8.84)* 2.22(0.72–6.90) 1.29(0.48 to 3.44)
Family anxious 1.63(0.47–5.62) 2.04 (0.72 to 5.73) 1.14(0.34–3.86) 0.82(0.30 to 2.26)
Information given 1.99(0.58–6.91) 2.04 (0.67 to 6.21) 0.40(0.11–1.45) 0.46(0.15 to 1.43)
Share feeling 1.46(0.41–5.25) 1.00 (0.37 to 2.66) 2.50(0.65–9.53) 1.45(0.54 to 3.88)
Life worthwhile 12.43(2.85–54.27)** 6.61 (2.21 to 19.76)** 0.95(0.32–2.82) 0.89(0.33 to 2.37)
Felt good as a person 7.73(2.02–29.60)** 5.65(1.83 to 17.46)** 0.27(0.08–0.86)* 0.32(0.11 to 0.90)*
Practical problems 0.46(0.12–1.79) 0.64(0.20 to 2.07) 4.22(1.08–16.55)* 2.90(0.86 to 9.78)
  1. Note: An odds ratio of greater than 1 indicates that disagreement was more likely when caregivers had higher burden or more positivity (median score as the cutoff). The modeled probability was the caregiver disagrees with patient's rating on palliative outcomes.
  2. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01; p < 0.05 is considered statistically significant.