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Table 1 Subjects of the study. (all males). TL refers to total laryngectomy and TE refers to tracheoesophageal.

From: Voice restoration following total laryngectomy by tracheoesophageal prosthesis: Effect on patients' quality of life and voice handicap in Jordan

Patients Age Interval Between TL and TE Puncture Time post TE for Second Survey Administration Previous means of communication Radio Therapy sessions Education level
AA 61 1;1 yrs 9 mo. TEP done abroad 33 lawyer
EA 62 1;8 yrs 9 mo. TEP done abroad none Illiterate
AB 58 1 mo. 9 mo. Non-vocal none Illiterate
FF 69 16;1 yrs 6 mo. Buccal speech 30 High school
SR 51 8 mo. 5 mo. Buccal speech 35 High school
FR 62 1;9 yrs 8 mo. TEP done in the private 32 BA
HM 66 5 mo. 3 mo. Esophageal speech 25 Illiterate
JA 35 1;9 yrs. 9 mo. Buccal speech none High school
RA 74 8 mo 6 mo. Electrolarynx 30 High school
MM 67 1;9 yr 9 mo. Esophageal speech 30 M. Sc. engineering
MH 64 1;8 yrs 7 mo. Buccal speech 35 Junior high school
MJ 69 1;2 yrs 9 mo. Buccal speech none Illiterate
Summary Mean: 61.5
S.D.: 10.2
Mean: 2;4
S.D.: 4;4
Mean: 7.4
S.D.: 2.0
Buccal = 42%
Prior TEP = 25%
Esophageal = 17%
Electrolaryngeal = 8%
Non-vocal = 8%
Radiation: 67% illiterate = 33%
high school = 33%
graduate school = 17%,
undergraduate = 8%,
junior high = 8%,