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Table 6 MDAS total and sub-scale scores (Anticipatory Dental Anxiety and Treatment Dental Anxiety) broken down by cross-cultural groups, namely: Beijing, China and the North-west of England. Means adjusted for age and sex.

From: Some psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Modified Dental Anxiety Scale with cross validation

  Group Mean 95% Confidence Interval
MDAS subscales    Lower Upper
Anticipatory Dental Anxiety (ADA) Beijing1 3.77 3.61 3.93
  NW England2 3.74 3.55 3.92
Treatment Dental Anxiety (TDA) Beijing 7.91 7.65 8.17
  NW England 6.59 6.29 6.89
MDAS Total Score Beijing 11.69 11.30 12.08
  NW England 10.32 9.88 10.77
  1. 1 N = 784
  2. 2 N = 489