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Table 1 Characteristics of SHIELD baseline respondents who completed the EQ-5D, by group

From: EQ-5D visual analog scale and utility index values in individuals with diabetes and at risk for diabetes: Findings from the Study to Help Improve Early evaluation and management of risk factors Leading to Diabetes (SHIELD)

Characteristics Low Risk n = 5,639 High Risk n = 5,370 Type 2 Diabetes n = 3,849
Age, mean, yrs (SD) 47.0 (16.4)* 58.9 (14.6)* 60.3 (13.1)
Women, % 65.5%* 56.6% 57.8%
Race, % white 88.3%* 88.4%* 85.0%
Education, % with some college or higher 74.0%* 67.3%* 63.9%
Income, % with <$40,000/year 36.5%* 46.3%* 52.5%
Geographic region, %    
   Northeast 18.8% 19.7% 19.9%
   South 34.2% 36.7% 38.5%
   Midwest 25.5% 25.5% 23.5%
   West 21.4% 18.1% 18.0%
  1. * p < 0.01 for comparison with type 2 diabetes