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Table 1 Characteristics of and health-related quality of life in participants with and without type 2 diabetes

From: Fatness and fitness: how do they influence health-related quality of life in type 2 diabetes mellitus?

Characteristic No type 2 Diabetes
N = 119
With type 2 Diabetes
N = 98
P value
Mean age (SD), years 63.8 (5.6) 56.9 (5.9) < 0.001
Men, % 46.2 63.3 0.012
White race, % 85.7 60.2 < 0.001
Mean percentage of body fat (SD), % 38.2 (9.2) 36.0 (7.1) 0.068
Mean VO2peak (SD), mL/kg·min 24.1 (5.1) 21.2 (5.1) < 0.001
Mean total cholesterol level (SD), mg/dL 215.2 (37.5) 178.8 (40.2) < 0.001
Mean hemoglobin A1c (SD), % N/A 6.6 (1.5) N/A
SF-36 HRQOL Scale Mean (SD) Mean (SD) P value
Bodily pain 78.0 (17.9) 74 (16.4) 0.130
General health 80.3 (14.1) 65.7 (17.0) < 0.001
Mental health 84.3 (11.7) 82.0 (14.2) 0.189
Physical function 86.4 (13.5) 85.6 (14.2) 0.656
Role emotional 87.7 (24.5) 84.7 (28.8) 0.411
Role physical 89.3 (20.0) 82.8 (29.1) 0.055
Social function 93.3 (12.9) 89.3 (18.8) 0.066
Vitality 68.8 (16.1) 63.5 (19.5) 0.028
Physical component score 51.1 (5.6) 48.4 (6.9) 0.002
Mental component score 54.8 (6.9) 53.3 (8.8) 0.156
  1. Abbreviations: SD = standard deviation; HRQOL = health-related quality of life; kg = kilogram; m = meter; mL = millileter; min = minute.