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Table 2 Baseline Instrument Scores by Country

From: Translation and validation of non-English versions of the Ankylosing Spondylitis Quality of Life (ASQOL) questionnaire

   US (N = 148) Canadian English
(N = 66)
Canadian French
(N = 16)
French
(N = 18)
German
(N = 37)
Italian
(N = 22)
Spanish
(N = 24)
Swedish
(N = 9)
ASQOL Mean (SD) 9.5 (4.4) 11.4 (4.4) 10.9 (3.6) 10.5 (3.9) 10.6 (3.7) 12.1 (4.5) 11.8 (4.1) 7.2 (3.9)
  Median (IQR) 10.0
(6.0–10.0)
12.5
(8.0–15.0)
10.0
(9.3–12.8)
11.5
(9.0–13.0)
11.0
(9.0–14.0)
12.5
(8.8–16.0)
12.5
(9.0–15.0)
7.0
(3.0–10.0)
  Range 1–18 0–18 2–17 2–17 2–18 3–17 3–18 3–14
  % Scoring, min 0.0 1.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
  % Scoring, max 4.7 1.5 0.0 0.0 2.7 0.0 4.2 0.0
Patient VAS* Mean (SD) 62.8 (21.5) 68.8 (17.6) 59.8 (22.6) 51.8 (19.7) 66.0 (18.9) 69.9 (23.3) 64.2 (18.6) 45.7 (22.3)
  Median (IQR) 66.0
(50.3–79.0)
69.5
(58.8–82.3)
58.0
(46.5–82.5)
46.5
(39.0–66.8)
67.0
(54.0–81.5)
78.0
(58.0–88.0)
66.0
(45.0–79.0)
38.0
(26.5–67.5)
  Range 7–100 19–97 9–92 16–88 19–100 9–97 32–100 18–78
SF-36 Question 1# Excellent (%) 7 (4.7) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
  Very Good (%) 18 (12.2%) 9 (13.6%) 1 (6.3%) 0 (0) 1 (2.7%) 0 (0) 0 (0) 4 (44.4%)
  Good (%) 73 (49.3%) 22 (33.3%) 3 (68.8%) 7 (38.9%) 5 (13.5%) 1 (4.5%) 3 (12.5%) 2 (22.2%)
  Fair (%) 38 (25.7%) 25 (37.9%) 11 (18.8%) 8 (44.4%) 22 (59.5%) 10 (45.5%) 10 (41.7%) 1 (11.1%)
  Poor (%) 11 (7.4%) 10 (15.2%) 1 (6.3%) 3 (16.7%) 9 (24.3%) 11 (50.0%) 11 (45.8%) 2 (22.2%)
  1. *Patient VAS = Patient's Global Assessment of Disease Activity Visual Analogue Scale. #SF-36 Question 1: "In general, how would you say your health is: Excellent, Very Good, Good, Fair, or Poor?"