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Table 3 WEMWBS scores across demographic groups: population sample

From: The Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS): development and UK validation

Variable N Median (95% CI) p
Total 1749 51 (51–52)  
Sex    
   Male 783 52 (51–52) < 0.05
   Female 966 51 (50–52)  
Age in years    
   16 – 24 176 53 (52–53) < 0.01KW
   25 – 34 245 51 (50–53)  
   35 – 44 353 51 (49–52)  
   45 – 54 306 50 (49–51)  
   55 – 64 334 52 (51–53)  
   65 – 74 274 52 (51–54)  
   75+ 61 51 (49–54)  
Tenure    
   Own out right 523 52 (52–53) < 0.01KW
   Own with a mortgage 705 52 (51–52)  
   Rent 519 50 (49–51)  
Self-perceived health status    
   Very good 563 54 (54–55) < 0.01J
   Good 753 51 (51–52)  
   Fair 319 47 (46–49)  
   Poor 84 44 (40–46)  
   Very poor 29 41 (36–47)  
Employment Status ^    
   In work 968 52 (51–52) < 0.01KW
   Student 82 52 (50–54)  
   Retired 465 51 (50–52)  
   Unemployed 154 49 (47–51)  
   Other 79 46 (43–50)  
Marital Status *    
   Single 188 51 (49–53) < 0.01KW
   Married/Living as couple 418 52 (51–53)  
   Widowed/Divorced/Separated 155 49 (46–51)  
Gross household income, pa *    
   < £5000 55 48 (44–53) < 0.01J
   5000 – 14999 198 49 (47–51)  
   15000 – 29999 180 53 (51–54)  
   30000+ 173 51 (49–53)  
Terminal Education Age *    
   < 16 228 52 (50–53) < 0.05KW
   16 – 18 355 50 (49–51)  
   19+ 181 53 (51–54)  
Chief Income Earner Social Grade *    
   A 38 55 (51–57) < 0.01J
   B 84 50 (48–53)  
   C1 217 51 (50–53)  
   C2 193 53 (51–54)  
   D 101 50 (47–52)  
   E 124 47 (44–51)  
  1. * Tests conducted on a reduced set of patients. Variable only recorded in the HEPS survey.
  2. 95% CI = 95% confidence interval of the median
  3. KW = p-value generated from a Kruskal-Wallis test.
  4. J = p-value generated from a Jonckheere's tests for ordered alternatives.
  5. ^ = test conducted excluding the Other category