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Table 2 ECOHIS responses in the survey of parents of 5-year-olds (N = 295)

From: Parental perceptions of children's oral health: The Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS)

Impacts Never or hardly ever
N (%)
Occasionally, often, or very often
N (%)
Don't know
N (%)
Child impacts    
   How often has your child had pain in the teeth, mouth or jaws 245 (83.1) 48 (14.9) 6 (2.0)
   How often has your child ....because of dental problems or dental treatments?    
had difficulty drinking hot or cold beverages 270 (91.5) 16 (5.4) 9 (3.1)
had difficulty eating some foods 263 (89.1) 23 (7.8) 9 (3.1)
had difficulty pronouncing any words 277 (93.9) 10 (3.4) 8 (2.7)
missed preschool, daycare or school 274 (92.9) 19 (6.4) 2 (0.7)
had trouble sleeping 278 (94.2) 14 (4.8) 3 (1.0)
been irritable or frustrated 265 (89.8) 27 (9.2) 3 (1.0)
avoided smiling or laughing 280 (95.0) 14 (4.7) 1 (0.3)
avoided talking 290 (98.3) 4 (1.4) 1 (0.3)
Family impacts    
   How often have you or another family member......because of your child's dental problems or treatments?    
been upset 269 (91.3) 25 (8.4) 1 (0.3)
felt guilty 255 (86.5) 37 (12.5) 3 (1.0)
taken time off from work 234 (79.3) 59 (20.0) 2 (0.7)
   How often has your child had dental problems or dental treatments that had a financial impact on your family? 257 (87.1) 35 (11.9) 3 (1.0)