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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics

From: Validation of two generic patient-reported outcome measures in patients with type 2 diabetes

Characteristic Total Sample (N = 130) Edinburgh (N = 53) London (N = 77) p value1
Age (mean, SD) 55.7 (10.3) 56.2 (8.8) 55.4 (11.3) 0.69
Gender (n, %)     
Male 84 (64.6%) 33 (62.3%) 51 (66.2%) 0.71
Female 46 (35.4%) 20 (37.7%) 26 (33.8%)  
Ethnicity (n, %)     
White 105 (80.8%) 53 (100.0%) 52 (67.5%) <0.0001
Black 8 (6.2%) 0 (0.0%) 8 (10.4%)  
Indian 8 (6.2%) 0 (0.0%) 8 (10.4%)  
Other 9 (6.9%) 0 (0.0%) 9 (11.7%)  
Marital Status (n, %)     
Married 79 (60.8%) 37 (69.8%) 42 (54.5%) 0.10
Not married 51 (39.2%) 16 (30.2%) 35 (45.5%)  
Employment Status (n, %)     
Full-time work 46 (35.4%) 19 (35.8%) 27 (35.1%) 0.91
Retired 47 (36.2%) 20 (37.7%) 27 (35.1%)  
Other 37 (28.5%) 14 (26.4%) 23 (29.9%)  
Education Level (n, %)     
Did not complete college degree 86 (66.2%) 40 (75.5%) 46 (59.7%) 0.089
Completed college degree or higher 44 (33.8%) 13 (24.5%) 31 (40.3%)  
Body Mass Index 2 31.5 (5.4) 32.3 (5.6) 31.0 (5.3) 0.19
Age when Diagnosed with Diabetes (mean, SD) 49.1 (11.2) 49.1 (11.2) 49.2 (11.3) 0.96
Current Treatment (n, %)     
Diet and/or exercise alone 14 (10.8%) 6 (11.3%) 8 (10.4%) 0.34
Oral meds alone (no injectable) 85 (65.4%) 31 (58.5%) 54 (70.1%)  
Injectable medication with or without other treatment 31 (23.8%) 16 (30.2%) 15 (19.5%)  
Other Health Conditions (n, %)     
Hypertension (n, %) 48 (36.9%) 17 (32.1%) 31 (40.3%) 0.36
Diabetic retinopathy (n, %) 7 (5.4%) 3 (5.7%) 4 (5.2%) 1.00
Depression or other mental health condition (n, %) 17 (13.1%) 7 (13.2%) 10 (13.0%) 1.00
Other Health Condition(s) (n, %) 56 (43.1%) 25 (47.2%) 31 (40.3%) 0.47
None (n, %) 45 (34.6%) 16 (30.2%) 29 (37.7%) 0.45
  1. 1 P value is for comparisons between the Edinburgh sample and the London sample. Continuous variables compared with t-tests; 2-level categorical variables such as gender compared with Fisher's exact test; categorical variables with more than two levels were compared with chi-squares.
  2. 2 Body Mass Index = (weight in pounds/[height in inches]2) × 703