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Table 1 Sociodemographic Characteristics.

From: Impaired health-related quality of life in children and adolescents with chronic conditions: a comparative analysis of 10 disease clusters and 33 disease categories/severities utilizing the PedsQL™ 4.0 Generic Core Scales

  Healthy Diabetes Cardiac Asthmaa Asthmab ESRD Psych. Cancer Rheum. CP Obesityc GI
Characteristics             
Self-Report:             
Mean Age¥ (SD) 9.79 (3.15) 13.65 (3.33) 11.68 (3.62) 9.58 (1.65) 13.62 (1.28) 13.54 (3.77) N/A 11.49 (4.25) 12.56 (3.45) 10.42 (3.92) 12.10 (3.00) 11.57 (3.27)
Age Range¥ 5.00–18.10 5.00–18.99 5.00–18.85 7.00–12.00 12.00–18.00 5.00–18.99   5.00–18.99 5.01–18.90 5.00–18.00 5.00–18.34 5.00–18.00
Self-Report:             
Gender             
Male 2836 (51.5%) 134 (44.7%) 173 (60.3%) 93 (57.1%) 69 (54.8%) 47 (55.3%) N/A 220 (55.8%) 63 (18.8%) 40 (50.6%) 57 (54.0%) 132 (47.1%)
Female 2671 (48.5%) 166 (55.3%) 114 (39.7%) 68 (41.7%) 52 (41.3%) 21 (24.7%)   173 (43.9%) 255 (75.9%) 37 (46.8%) 49 (46.0%) 148 (52.9%)
Total Sample:             
Mean Age ¥ (SD) 7.83 (3.99) 13.20 (3.83) 9.21 (4.73) 9.56 (1.65) 9.04 (3.62) 12.62 (4.54) 11.30 (3.20) 9.64 (4.93) 11.44 (4.28) 8.08 (4.33) 12.10 (3.00) 11.43 (3.37)
Age Range¥ 2.00–18.10 3.00–18.99 2.07–18.85 7.00–12.00 2.00–18.00 2.46–18.99   2.01–18.99 2.38–18.90 2.00–18.00 3.04–18.34 2.00–18.00
Total Sample:             
Gender             
Male 4918 (51.4%) 149 (45.0%) 246 (57.7%) 93 (56.4%) 251 (54.2%) 52 (54.2%) 185 (59.7%) 326 (57.0%) 80 (20.4%) 134 (54.7%) 57 (54.0%) 136 (47.4%)
Female 4647 (48.6%) 180 (54.4%) 180 (42.2%) 69 (41.8%) 181 (39.1%) 25 (26.0%) 125 (40.3%) 245 (42.8%) 293 (74.6%) 107 (43.7%) 49 (46.0%) 151 (52.6%)
Total Sample:             
Race/Ethnicity             
White 14.1% 46.5% 78.4% 34.5% 26.8% 38.5% N/A 22.0% 44.8% 44.9% 26.4% 71.1%
Hispanic 61.7% 25.1 % 7.7% 5.5 % 24.2% 18.8% N/A 41.1% 19.1 % 33.9 % 59.4% 15.7%
Black 2.5% 10.6 % 8.9% 8.5% 28.7% 16.7% N/A 3.0 % 3.8 % 4.9 % 7.5% 10.1%
Asian/Pacific Islander 10.9% 8.8 % 2.1% 0.6 % N/A 1.0 % N/A 3.8 % 4.1 % 5.3 % 0.9% 0.7%
American 0.4% 1.5 % 0.0% 0.0% N/A 0.0% N/A 0.0% 0.0% 0.8 % 0.0% 0.4%
Indian/Alaskan Other 0.5% 6.0% 0.7% 3.0% 20.3% 3.1% N/A 5.8 % 2.0 % 4.1 % 5.7% 2.4%
Total Sample:             
Mean SES             
Index (SD) N/A 42.72* (14.30) 42.13* (13.45) 42.11*~ (12.04) N/A 36.13§ (13.57) N/A 35.43§¤ (17.82) 44.73* (14.20) 42.48* (14.26) 35.60§ (14.50) N/A
  1. Note: ¥ = Mean age and range in years.
  2. = Total Sample Mean SES Index based on the Hollingshead SES Index.
  3. N/A = Not Available.
  4. = Mean SES was unavailable for this sample, although the statewide SCHIP sample was representative of low income families (< 250% of the federal poverty level).
  5. * = Based on the Hollingshead Index, indicates on average a middle-class family SES.
  6. § = Based on the Hollingshead Index, indicates on average a lower middle-class family SES.
  7. ~ = Mean socioeconomic status (SES) was unavailable for families assessed at the American Lung Association summer camp, thus SES value is based on families assessed at the University of Kansas Medical Center (n = 86)
  8. ¤ = Mean socioeconomic status (SES) was unavailable for families assessed at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Stanford, thus SES value is based on families assessed at Children's Hospital and Health Center, San Diego, and Childrens Hospital Los Angeles (n = 438).
  9. = SES reported not using Hollingshead SES Index; 33.2 % of the pediatric patients came from low SES families, 30.0 % from medium SES families, and 36.8 % from high SES families.
  10. a = Asthma sample utilized for HRQOL comparisons across disease clusters.
  11. b = Asthma sample utilized for HRQOL comparisons across disease categories.
  12. c = Sociodemographic information for the obesity sample represents the clinical sample of severely obese children (n = 106) used for comparisons across disease categories, given the unavailability of sociodemographic information for the obese and overweight community samples. ESRD equals End Stage Renal Disease. Psych. equals Psychiatric Disorders. Rheum equals Rheumatology. CP equals Cerebral Palsy. GI equals Gastrointestinal Conditions.