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Table 3 Mean health-related quality of life scores (TACQoL) for adolescents age 12–17 with MD and healthy children

From: Living with muscular dystrophy: health related quality of life consequences for children and adults

  MD healthy children  
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD)  
  N = 22 N = 1249 d
Physical symptoms 26.8 (4.4.)** 23.7 (5.4) -0.6
Motor functioning 23.2 (4.4)*** 29.8 (3.3) 2
Cognitive function 28.1 (4.7) 27.6 (4.1) -0.1
Positive emotions 12.9 (2.3) 13.0 (2.8) 0.0
Negative emotions 12.4 (2.3) 11.6 (2.6) -0.3
  1. Higher scores indicate a better quality of life
  2. d = effect size
  3. One sample t-test ** p < 0.01; *** p < 0.00