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Table 2 Mean health-related quality of life scores (TACQoL) for children age 8–11 with MD and healthy children

From: Living with muscular dystrophy: health related quality of life consequences for children and adults

  Children   
  MD Healthy children  
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD)  
  N = 18 N = 1094 d
Physical symptoms 26.8 (3.0) * 24.9 (5.1) -0.4
Motor functioning 20.4 (6.3) *** 29.8 (3.2) 2.9
Autonomy 23.8 (5.8) *** 31.2 (1.9) 3.8
Cognitive functioning 26.5 (4.5) 28.4 (3.9) 0.5
Social functioning 26.7 (4.5) * 29.7 (2.8) 1.1
Positive emotions 11.2 (3.5) * 13.6 (2.5) 1.0
Negative emotions 11.3 (3.0) 11.6 (2.7) 0.1
  1. Higher scores indicate a better quality of life.
  2. d = effect size
  3. One-sample t-test * p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001