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Table 4 Comparison of Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF) between fathers and mothers of children and adolescents with Autistic Disorder (AD), Asperger's disorder or high-functioning autism (HFA/AS) and Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS).

From: Impairment of quality of life in parents of children and adolescents with pervasive developmental disorder

Fathers AD (N = 16) HFA/AS (N = 10) PDD-NOS (N = 4) CG (N = 35) ANOVA Post-hoc contrasts
      F p  
Q1 (mean ± SD) 56.25 ± 19.3 60.00 ± 12.9 68.75 ± 12.5 78.57 ± 16.21 8.11 0.000 CG>AD, HFA/AS
Q2 (mean ± SD) 68.75 ± 14.43 52.50 ± 18.45 87.50 ± 14.43 74.29 ± 22.27 4.25 0.009 CG>HFA/AS; PDD-NOS>HFA/AS
Physical (mean ± SD) 65.40 ± 11.04 64.64 ± 12.65 67.86 ± 9.67 72.24 ± 14.80 1.42 0.245  
Psychological (mean ± SD) 62.24 ± 16.14 63.33 ± 16.64 77.08 ± 9.92 68.93 ± 14.93 1.47 0.231  
Relationships (mean ± SD) 59.90 ± 14.97 56.67 ± 23.17 68.75 ± 19.69 75.24 ± 15.59 4.81 0.005 CG>AD, HFA/AS
Environment (mean ± SD) 53.91 ± 14.05 50.94 ± 11.70 60.16 ± 8.98 56.96 ± 17.78 0.55 0.651  
Mothers AD (N = 21) HFA/AS (N = 12) PDD-NOS (N = 6) CG (N = 42) F p  
Q1 (mean ± SD) 58.33 ± 19.90 60.42 ± 22.51 54.17 ± 29.23 77.98 ± 13.75 8.01 0.000 CG>AD, HFA/AS, PDD-NOS
Q2 (mean ± SD) 54.76 ± 26.95 56.25 ± 28.45 58.33 ± 25.82 71.43 ± 21.08 2.87 0.042  
Physical (mean ± SD) 53.23 ± 17.42 53.57 ± 16.19 57.14 ± 14.98 68.45 ± 15.68 5.52 0.002 CG>AD, HFA/AS
Psychological (mean ± SD) 58.73 ± 16.66 51.74 ± 19.82 65.28 ± 13.09 64.38 ± 15.40 2.17 0.099  
Relationships (mean ± SD) 60.71 ± 22.38 52.08 ± 21.94 66.67 ± 31.62 72.22 ± 18.56 3.38 0.022 CG>HFA/AS
Environment (mean ± SD) 48.96 ± 15.76 44.79 ± 11.02 57.29 ± 16.96 54.24 ± 19.00 1.35 0.263  
  1. Q1 = Overall perception of Quality of Life; Q2 = Overall perception of Health.