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Table 2 Indicators of physical symptoms with advanced end stage of COPD

From: Palliative care provision for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Social isolation
Poor quality of life
Intolerable dyspnoea
Frequent hospital admissions
Housebound or chair bound
Fatigue (excessive tiredness)
Loss of hobbies
Loss of weight
Low self-esteem
Long term oxygen therapy
FEV1 < 30%
  1. FEV1 = Percentage of forced expiratory volume in one second.