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Table 6 PedsQL™ Present Functioning Visual Analogue Scores: Time 1 to Time 2 Differences

From: The PedsQL™ Present Functioning Visual Analogue Scales: preliminary reliability and validity

   Time 1   Time 2     
Item N Mean SD Mean SD Difference Effect Size t
Child Report         
Total 70 27.72 19.70 22.87 19.72 -4.85 .25 2.81**
Emotional Distress Summary Score 70 20.36 20.43 17.60 19.25 -2.76 .13 NS
Anxiety 70 21.74 28.17 15.89 24.10 -5.85 .21 NS
Sadness 70 18.14 25.71 16.86 26.21 -1.28 .05 NS
Anger 70 6.81 13.76 7.00 15.21 +0.19 .01 NS
Worry 70 34.74 36.79 30.64 34.13 -4.10 .11 NS
Fatigue 70 48.07 37.26 35.50 32.06 -12.57 .33 3.31***
Pain 70 36.79 33.93 31.36 31.71 -5.43 .15 NS
Parent Report         
Total 70 35.71 20.85 28.03 21.02 -7.68 .37 3.69***
Emotional Distress Summary Score 70 30.48 20.67 22.72 20.85 -7.76 .38 3.53***
Anxiety 70 28.79 26.39 22.21 25.52 -6.58 .25 2.17*
Sadness 70 30.73 30.80 21.00 26.67 -9.73 .32 2.95**
Anger 70 14.89 20.27 15.36 23.63 +0.47 .02 NS
Worry 70 47.50 29.35 32.31 28.30 -15.19 .52 4.18***
Fatigue 70 47.93 34.17 41.07 33.27 -6.86 .20 NS
Pain 70 44.43 33.10 36.21 31.51 -8.22 .25 2.88**
  1. *p < .05, **p < .01, ***p < .001.
  2. Note: Effect sizes are designated as small (.20), medium (.50), and large (.80).