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Table 1 Demographic Characteristics of Thalassaemia patients

From: Health related quality of life in Malaysian children with thalassaemia

  Thalassaemia Patients (n = 78) Healthy Controls (n = 235) P values
Age, y+ 11.95 (4.3) 13.2 (2.8) p = 0.004
Gender*    p = 0.311
Female 34 (43.6) 118 (50.2)  
Range    
5–7 years 8 (18.2) 7 (6.0)  
8–12 years 19 (43.2) 47 (40.2)  
13–18 years 17 (38.6) 63 (53.8)  
Male 44 (56.4) 117 (49.8)  
Range    
5–7 years 6 (17.6) 6 (5.1)  
8–12 years 14 (41.2) 21 (17.8)  
13–18 years 14 (41.2) 91 (77.1)  
Ethnicity*    
Malay 56 (71.8) 136 (57.9) p = 0.001
Chinese 16 (20.5) 53 (22.5)  
Indian 1 (1.3) 40 (17.0)  
Others 5 (6.4) 6 (2.6)  
Religion*    p = 0.001
Islam 57 (73.1) 138 (58.7)  
Buddha 14 (17.9) 44 (18.7)  
Hindu 1 (1.3) 34 (14.5)  
Christian 2 (2.6) 17 (7.2)  
Others 4 (5.1) 2 (0.9)  
Educational* Level    p < 0.001
Not at School 4 (5.1) 0 (0.0)  
Pre School 5 (6.4) 0 (0.0)  
Primary (1–6) 38 (48.7) 81 (34.5)  
Secondary (1–5) 18 (23.1) 150 (63.8)  
Sixth Form 2 (2.6) 4 (1.7)  
Finish School 11 (14.1) 0 (0.0)  
Household* Income (RM)    p < 0.001
<500 2 (2.6) 3 (1.3)  
500–1000 16 (20.4) 27 (11.5)  
1000–1500 19 (24.4) 38 (16.2)  
1500–2000 19 (24.4) 25 (10.6)  
>2000 21 (26.9) 138 (58.7)  
Missing 1 (1.3) 4 (1.7)  
  1. * Values are presented as number (percentage) unless otherwise indicated. + Data given as Mean (SD). RM is an acronym for Malaysian Ringgit.