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Table 1 Instruments used to select items for the preliminary item database

From: Assessment of health-related quality of life in arthritis: conceptualization and development of five item banks using item response theory

Instrument (acronym) [reference] Number of items
Arthritic Impact Measurement Scales (1 & 2) (AIMS) [42] 150
Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) [53] 21
Cancer Rehabilitation Evaluation System (CARES) [54] 140
Center for Epidemiologic Studies – Depressed Mood Scale (CES-D) [43] 20
Clinical Back Pain Questionnaire (CBPQ) [55] 19
Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) [56] 68
Disability Rating Index (DRI) [57] 12
EORTC Quality of Life Questionnaire – C30 (EORTC) [58] 30
EuroQol (EQ-5D) [17] 5
Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy Scales (FACT) [41] 177
Functional Living Index: Cancer (FLIC) [59] 22
General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) [60] 28
Health Utilities Index, Mark 2 (HUI2) [16] 7
Health Utilities Index, Mark 3 (HUI3) [16] 8
Musculoskeletal Functional Assessment Instrument (MFAI) [61] 120
McMaster Toronto Arthritis Patient Preference Disability Questionnaire (MACTAR) [62] 5
McMaster Health Index Questionnaire (MHIQ) [63] 74
Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire (MHOQ) [64] 37
90 S Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36) [15] 36
Multidimensional Health Assessment Questionnaire (MDHAQ) [65] 9
National Population Health Survey Questionnaire (NPHS) [66] 10
North American Spine Society Low Back Pain Outcome Instrument (NASS) [67] 46
Nottingham Health Profile, Version 2 (NHP) [68] 30
Pain Disability Index (PDI) [69] 7
Profile of Mood States (POMS) [70] 65
Revised Oswestry Pain Questionnaire (OPQ) [71] 10
Rheumatoid Arthritis Quality of Life (RAQoL) [72] 30
Rotterdam Symptom Checklist (RSC) [73] 39
Sickness Impact Profile (SIP) [74] 136
Stanford Health Assessment Questionnaire (modified) (HAQ) [50] 20
WOMAC Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) [51] 24
Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) [75] 20