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Table 2 Sample clinical characteristics.

From: Misinterpretation with norm-based scoring of health status in adults with type 1 diabetes

Characteristic n Total*
Duration of Diabetes (yrs) – mean (SD) 215 20.91 (12.43)
Age at Diagnosis (yrs) – median (SD) 215 12.0
Weight at Diagnosis 211  
   Underweight   89 (42.2)
   Normal weight   101 (47.9)
   Overweight   21 (10.0)
Started insulin within 3 months 210 195 (92.9)
Insulin injections per day -median (min, max) 214 4.0 (1.0–5.0)
Presence of Diabetic Complications   
   Retinopathy 215 88 (40.7)
   Neuropathy/Peripheral vascular disease 213 73 (33.8)
   Cardiovascular disease 215 55 (22.5)
   Nephropathy 214 40 (18.5)
Frequency of Diabetic Complications   
   No Diabetic complications reported 216 82 (38.0)
   1 Diabetic complication reported 216 56 (25.9)
   2 Diabetic complications reported 216 44 (20.4)
   ≥ 3 Diabetic complications reported 216 34 (15.7)
Number of Co-morbidities Reported 216  
   No Co-morbidities Reported   118 (54.6)
   1 Co-morbidity Reported   53 (24.5)
   2 Co-morbidities Reported   25 (11.6)
   ≥ 3 Co-morbidities Reported   20 (9.3)
Most prevalent co-morbidities (median) 166 1.0
   Thyroid condition 167 35 (21.2)
   Arthritis/rheumatism 167 28 (16.8)
   Asthma 166 19 (11.4)
  1. *n (%) unless otherwise specified
  2. Medical conditions considered to be complications were not included as a co-morbidity