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Table 1 Basic characteristics, socio-economic status, substance use and Health Related Quality of Life in all patients

From: Health-related quality of life in urban surgical emergency department patients: Comparison with a representative German population sample

Variable all n = 1596 male n = 986 61.8% female n = 610 38.2 % p
Age (1) (years) 32 (18 – 89) 32 (18 – 78) 31 (18 – 89) 0.306
ISS (%) >1/1 point 18.3/81.7 19.7/80.3 16.1/83.9 0.070
Socioeconomic status
A-Level (%) no/yes 43.9/56.1 46.2/53.8 40.2/59.8 0.017
Being employed(%) no/yes 36.4/63.6 33.7/66.3 40.8/59.2 0.004
Family income (%)* ≤24,000 €/>24,000 € 62.2/37.8 62.1/37.9 62.5/37.5 0.876
Partnership (%) no/yes 54.3/45.7 54.7/45.3 53.6/46.4 0.680
Size of household (%) 1/>1 person 36.8/63.2 39.7/60.3 32.3/67.7 0.003
Substance use
Hazardous alcohol consumption # (%) yes/no 24.7/75.3 26.5/73.5 22.0/78.0 0.043
Illicit drug use (%) yes/no 21.7/78.3 25.6/74.4 15.6/84.4 < 0.001
Smoking (%) yes/no 45.7/54.3 51.7/48.3 36.1/63.9 < 0.001
Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL)
PCS (2) 53.4 ± 8.3 53.9 ± 7.5 52.5 ± 9.3 0.003
MCS (2) 47.9 ± 10.0 48.5 ± 9.4 46.9 ± 10.8 0.003
  1. (1): median (range); (2): mean ± standard deviation; ISS: Injury Severity Score; A-level: "yes": 12 or 13 years of school education, "no": 11 or less years of school education; *; family income net per year; #: hazardous alcohol consumption "yes": (in men): AUDIT = 8 – 40 points, (in women): AUDIT = 5 – 40 points, "no": (in men): AUDIT = 0 – 7 points, (in women): AUDIT = 0 – 4 points; PCS: physical component summary score of the SF-36; MCS: mental component summary score of the Sf-36.