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Table 2 Socio-demographic parameter and handicap description

From: Prevalence and burden of self-reported blindness and low vision for individuals living in institutions: a nationwide survey

  Blind n = 265 (n = 10,394) Low vision n = 1,622 (n = 89,252) No visual problems n = 12,716 (n = 564,606)
Age (years) 71.4 80.0 67.3
Male 30.3% 26.6% 37.5%
Entry to institution related to health 88.0% 72.8% 77.5%
Institution with medical services 44.2% 31.2% 34.5%
Time in institution (years) 9.2 5.2 5.3
Number of handicaps outside vision 1.62 (1.50) 1.99 (1.82) 1.68 (1.59)
Motor handicap 54.2% (51.0%) 73.5% (68.8%) 51.9% (57.4%)
Auditory handicap 13.9% (18.6%%) 35.0% (26.1%) 22.3% (12.4%)
Vocal handicap 6.0% (4.8%%) 5.3% (5.3%) 5.2% (5.3%)
Visceral handicap 23.4% (21.1%) 35.6% (28.8%) 23.5% (22.9%)
Cognitive handicap 42.1% (38.4%) 34.0% (36.0%) 38.5% (40.9%)
Other handicap 26.8% (18.6%) 15.7% (17.4%) 20.1% (23.7%)
Katz classification 'A' 24.4% (20.7%) 40.7% (50.6%) 47.5% (45.7%)
  1. Katz 'A' classification: able to wash, dress, go to the restroom, go to bed and stand up, sphincter control, eat meal already prepared, alone. Number of handicaps outside vision adjusted on age (2nd line, figures within brackets). Katz 'A' classification adjusted on age, and number of handicaps outside vision (3rd line, figures within brackets).