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Table 1 Demographic data and SpREUK scores of 257 subjects

From: Role of religion and spirituality in medical patients: Confirmatory results with the SpREUK questionnaire

  % Search Meaning (50.6 ± 25.9) Message Disease (70.4 ± 20.9) Trust Guidance (70.0 ± 26.5) Support External (59.0 ± 23.9) Support Internal (62.3 ± 24.3)
sex   ** ** * ** *
female 70 54.7 ± 26.0 73.4 ± 20.3 72.9 ± 24.4 61.8 ± 23.1 64.9 ± 22.6
male 30 40.8 ± 22.9 63.4 ± 20.8 63.0 ± 30.0 52.4 ± 24.5 55.6 ± 27.1
age   (*)   ** * *
< 30 years 3 31.8 ± 19.8 60.9 ± 24.6 40.6 ± 20.5 38.0 ± 18.1 43.0 ± 20.7
30–49 years 38 49.7 ± 26.2 70.4 ± 20.2 63.4 ± 26.9 55.3 ± 23.4 58.8 ± 23.9
50–69 years 45 54.2 ± 26.2 72.2 ± 19.6 74.7 ± 24.9 62.5 ± 22.4 65.8 ± 23.2
> 70 years 12 46.2 ± 23.6 67.7 ± 25.7 79.8 ± 23.5 63.4 ± 28.2 64.5 ± 28.0
marital status   *   * *  
married 65 47.2 ± 26.0 69.3 ± 21.3 70.1 ± 27.0 56.1 ± 24.6 60.5 ± 26.0
living with partner 11 52.5 ± 20.1 73.3 ± 21.3 57.1 ± 24.7 58.3 ± 16.8 63.2 ± 13.9
divorced 9 65.0 ± 26.9 75.4 ± 19.3 74.1 ± 25.8 69.9 ± 19.7 68.5 ± 24.7
alone 10 55.9 ± 29.6 71.3 ± 20.4 72.3 ± 25.8 61.6 ± 27.2 65.9 ± 23.7
widowed 5 51.4 ± 17.8 68.2 ± 19.6 84.3 ± 17.8 73.5 ± 18.2 62.5 ± 22.9
education 1   ** **   ** **
level 1 25 36.6 ± 24.9 58.6 ± 20.4 69.0 ± 26.1 55.0 ± 24.1 58.9 ± 24.6
level 2 29 44.4 ± 27.8 67.8 ± 19.5 68.9 ± 29.6 50.6 ± 25.7 53.5 ± 29.2
level 3 37 65.5 ± 24.7 76.9 ± 16.7 75.8 ± 19.8 68.2 ± 19.2 69.1 ± 15.3
other 9 65.5 ± 24.94 74.6 ± 21.6 74.2 ± 21.2 67.9 ± 19.8 75.0 ± 19.0
disease   ** ** ** ** **
Cancer 51 55.4 ± 24.6 73.8 ± 19.7 74.2 ± 23.4 62.3 ± 22.5 64.3 ± 22.3
Multiple Sclerosis 24 35.8 ± 22.5 59.0 ± 19.1 56.8 ± 28.0 48,0 ± 23.3 52.9 ± 25.8
Chronic diseases 16 56.5 ± 25.7 75.0 ± 19.3 69.8 ± 27.5 63.1 ± 26.1 68.6 ± 26.1
Acute diseases 7 44.7 ± 26.4 74.8 ± 27.1 76.4 ± 30.6 60.6 ± 23.9 67.6 ± 23.9
duration of disease       
< 0.5 years 19 48.2 ± 26.1 73.3 ± 18.6 68.8 ± 27.7 58.4 ± 21.7 63.3 ± 20.2
0.5–1 years 12 53.1 ± 24.9 79.0 ± 19.7 67.9 ± 28.6 58.1 ± 20.6 58.0 ± 26.0
1–3 years 26 54.1 ± 24.4 72.5 ± 20.2 71.1 ± 23.1 60.6 ± 22.9 63.7 ± 22.9
3–5 years 12 46.8 ± 27.6 61.9 ± 19.4 66.4 ± 28.2 56.7 ± 26.1 56.7 ± 28.3
> 5 years 31 47.3 ± 26.4 70.8 ± 22.1 68.0 ± 28.1 56.7 ± 27.0 61.9 ± 26.0
confession   **   ** ** **
Christian 80 52.9 ± 25.4 71.2 ± 20.8 76.0 ± 21.3 62.2 ± 22.8 63.8 ± 24.3
Others 3 58.3 ± 18.0 70.8 ± 17.1 85.4 ± 15.7 65.7 ± 23.5 83.0 ± 16.8
None 17 38.7 ± 26.9 67.0 ± 22.2 38.2 ± 28.3 41.7 ± 22.8 50.9 ± 22.4
Spiritual attitude   ** ** ** ** **
R+S+ 32 71.1 ± 20.2 77.9 ± 18.5 85.4 ± 15.0 75.7 ± 14.0 74.6 ± 19.9
R+S- 36 42.1 ± 21.0 68.2 ± 19.8 81.3 ± 16.6 59.1 ± 20.3 61.8 ± 22.2
R-S+ 9 66.8 ± 14.7 76.7 ± 22.0 50.2 ± 15.6 63.8 ± 20.6 67.9 ± 16.7
R-S- 23 29.0 ± 17.6 61.1 ± 21.3 37.8 ± 22.6 33.3 ± 19.0 42.9 ± 23.6
  1. 1Increasing educational level (based on German school system): 1 = secondary education (Hauptschule), 2 = secondary education (junior high; Realschule), 3 = high school education (Gymnasium). Scores are significantly different (** p < 0.01; * p < 0.05; (*) 0.05 < p < 0.10; Kruskal-Wallis-Test for asymptomatic significance).
  2. Deviations of >15% from the mean were highlighted.