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Table 3 Food-induced symptoms, hypersensitivity to other substances besides food and allergic diseases among adolescents with food hypersensitivity

From: Health-related quality of life among adolescents with allergy-like conditions – with emphasis on food hypersensitivity

Adolescents with food hypersensitivity Total Females Males  
  N = 2711 N = 165 N = 98 p-values
  N (%) N (%) N (%)  
Food-induced symptoms 271 (100) 165 (100) 98 (100)  
   OAS2-like symptoms 140 (52) 83 (50) 55 (56) NS
   skin symptoms 81 (30) 62 (38) 16 (16) <0.001
   gastro-intestinal symptoms 76 (28) 55 (33) 20 (20) <0.05
   breathing difficulties 67 (25) 38 (23) 29 (30) NS
   eye/nose symptoms 35 (13) 20 (12) 15 (15) NS
   anaphylaxis 32 (12) 21 (13) 11 (11) NS
Hypersensitivity to defined substances 208 (77) 128 (78) 72 (74) NS
   pollen 141 (52) 79 (48) 56 (57) NS
   furred animals 125 (46) 67 (41) 53 (54) <0.05
   dust/mite 90 (33) 56 (34) 33 (34) NS
   nickel 64 (24) 54 (33) 7 (7) <0.001
   other substances3 26 (10) 20 (12) 6 (6) NS
Allergic diseases 210 (78) 135 (82) 70 (71) <0.05
   asthma/wheezing 88 (33) 61 (37) 24 (25) <0.05
   eczema/rash 93 (34) 66 (40) 25 (26) <0.05
   rhino-conjunctivitis 167 (62) 103 (62) 58 (59) NS
  1. 1 Gender unknown n = 8.
  2. 2 OAS = Oral Allergy Syndrome
  3. 3 The substances reported for at least three persons each were: mildew (n = 4), drugs (n = 3), insects (n = 3) and perfume (n = 3).