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Table 4 Comparison of SF-36 scores between adolescents with and without allergy-like conditions and between females and males with allergy-like conditions

From: Health-related quality of life among adolescents with allergy-like conditions – with emphasis on food hypersensitivity

  Allergy-like conditions No such conditions   Females with allergy-like conditions Males with allergy-like conditions  
  N = 931 N = 520   N = 501 N = 412  
SF-36 health scales1 Mean SD Mean SD p-value Mean SD Mean SD p-value
Physical dimension
   Physical functioning (PF) 91.1 16.4 91.7 19.1 NS 91.1 13.8 91.2 18.8 NS
   Role functioning-physical (RP) 75.7 31.3 83.2 27.2 <0.001 73.6 31.5 78.4 30.4 <0.05
   Bodily pain (BP) 71.3 23.6 81.2 20.3 <0.001 67.9 24.1 75.3 22.4 <0.001
   General health (GH) 69.6 20.5 80.8 16.7 <0.001 66.3 21.1 73.5 19.2 <0.001
Mental dimension
   Vitality (VT) 53.0 21.0 62.2 21.0 <0.001 50.2 20.5 56.4 21.2 <0.001
   Social functioning (SF) 81.3 21.6 86.9 18.9 <0.001 79.1 22.0 84.1 20.8 <0.001
   Role functioning-emotional (RE) 65.4 40.3 75.4 36.8 <0.001 58.2 42.1 73.7 36.3 <0.001
   Mental health (MH) 67.3 19.6 74.9 19.1 <0.001 62.7 20.2 72.8 17.4 <0.001
  1. 1 Summary of contents of SF-36 health scales: Physical dimension: PF = Ability to perform daily physical activities, e. g. walking, running, lifting, and other moderate physical efforts; RP = Extent to which physical health limits work/daily activities; BP = Intensity of pain and its interference with normal activities; GH = Personal evaluation of general health status, presently and in the future.
  2. Mental dimension: VT = Personal evaluation of energy, tiredness, etc; SF = Extent to which physical health or emotional problems interfere with normal social activities; RE = Extent to which emotional problems limit work/daily activities; MH = Personal evaluation of mental health, including anxiety, depression, and general positive and negative affects [27, 28].