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Table 1 Item content for the modified Roland Questionnaire

From: Predicting gender differences as latent variables: summed scores, and individual item responses: a methods case study

1. I stay home most of the time because of my back problem or leg pain (sciatica)
2. I change position frequently to try and get my back or leg comfortable
3. I walk more slowly than usual because of my back problem or leg pain (sciatica)
4. Because of my back problem, I am not doing any of the jobs I usually do around the house
5. Because of my back problem, I use handrail to get upstairs
6. Because of my back problem, I have to hold onto something to get out of an easy chair (comfortable padded chair)
7. I get dressed more slowly than usual because of my back problem or leg pain (sciatica)
8. I only stand for short periods of time because of my back problem or leg pain (sciatica)
9. Because of my back problem, I try not to bend or kneel down
10. I find it difficult to get out of a chair because of my back problem or leg pain (sciatica)
11. I have trouble putting on my socks (or stockings) because of the pain in my back or leg
12. I find it difficult to turn over in bed because of my back problem or leg pain
13. I sleep less well because of my back problem
14. I avoid heavy jobs around the house because of my back problem
15. Because of my back problem, I am more irritable and bad tempered with people than usual
16. Because of my back problem, I go upstairs more slowly than usual
17. I stay in bed most of the time because of my back or leg pain (sciatica)
18. I keep rubbing or holding areas of my body that hurt or are uncomfortable
19. My back or leg is painful almost all the time
20. I only walk short distances because of my back problem
21. Because of my back problem, my sexual activity is decreased
22. Because of my back problem, I am doing less of the daily work around the house than I would usually do
23. I often express concern to other people what might be happening to my health