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Table 4 ICF categories referring to activities and participation

From: What explains health in persons with visual impairment?

ICF code ICF category title Total sample (N=105) Sample stratified by VI-category#
   ICF qualifier (1-4)§ Moderate (n=40) Severe (n=25) High-grade (n=14) Blindness (n=26)
   1 2 3 4 Sum 1-4 Sum 1-4
   n n n n n % % % % %
d325 Communicating with - receiving - written messages 23 42 31 5 101 97.1 97.4 100.0 100.0 92.3
d345 Writing messages 24 44 29 3 100 95.2 97.5 100.0 100.0 84.6
d170 Writing 20 54 24 2 100 95.2 97.5 100.0 100.0 84.6
d110 Watching 18 26 37 16 97 92.4 85.0 96.0 100.0 96.2
d475 Driving 5 3 26 61 95 91.3 90.0 92.0 92.3 92.3
d460 Moving around in different locations 46 33 13 2 94 91.3 85.0 95.8 92.3 96.2
d166 Reading 13 38 30 6 87 82.9 87.5 88.0 92.9 75.4
d650 Caring for household objects 31 18 30 7 86 82.7 80.0 72.0 100.0 88.5
d920 Recreation and leisure 34 30 19 2 85 82.5 82.5 84.0 83.3 80.8
d620 Acquisition of goods and services 26 32 23 2 83 79.8 67.5 76.0 100.0 92.3
d315 Communicating with - receiving - nonverbal messages 24 26 17 16 83 79.8 60.0 83.3 92.9 100.0
d470 Using transportation 39 34 7 2 82 78.8 72.5 88.0 92.3 73.1
d455 Moving around 25 32 19 1 77 74.8 72.5 70.8 69.2 84.6
d865 Complex economic transactions 41 24 7 5 77 74.0 70.0 64.0 76.9 88.5
d220 Undertaking multiple tasks 32 31 10   73 69.5 65.0 64.0 85.7 73.1
d440 Fine hand use 39 20 8 1 68 64.8 82.5 68.0 71.4 30.8
d640 Doing housework 44 14 8   66 63.5 52.5 56.0 100.0 69.2
d810 Informal education 43 20 2   65 64.4 57.9 66.7 76.9 65.4
d860 Basic economic transactions 32 22 8 2 64 61.5 70.0 56.0 84.6 42.3
d630 Preparing meals 42 14 2 3 61 58.7 42.5 56.0 76.9 76.9
d155 Acquiring skills 41 15 4   60 57.1 57.5 64.0 71.6 42.3
d360 Using communication devices and techniques 45 10 1   56 53.8 61.5 68.0 64.3 23.1
d450 Walking 35 18 2   55 53.4 47.5 70.8 53.8 46.2
d240 Handling stress and other psychological demands 30 17 5   52 50.0 48.7 44.0 71.4 46.2
d230 Carrying out daily routine 26 12 5   43 41.0 42.5 40.0 42.9 38.5
d660 Assisting others 25 8 6 3 42 41.2 28.2 54.2 61.5 38.5
d910 Community life 30 6 6   42 40.8 37.5 40.0 50.0 42.3
d210 Undertaking a single task 30 7 4   41 39.0 25.0 40.0 50.0 53.8
d430 Lifting and carrying objects 24 12 1   37 35.2 37.5 28.0 57.1 26.9
d845 Acquiring, keeping and terminating a job 12 15 7 1 35 33.7 20.0 36.0 7.7 65.4
d140 Learning to read 25 8 1   34 32.4 35.0 48.0 21.4 19.2
d145 Learning to write 22 8 1   31 29.5 30.0 44.0 21.4 19.2
d720 Complex interpersonal interactions 24 4 2   30 28.8 25.0 36.0 30.8 26.9
d830 Higher education 12 14 4   30 28.8 15.0 32.0 15.4 53.8
d520 Caring for body parts 22 5 2   29 27.9 22.5 32.0 53.8 19.2
d175 Solving problems 23 5 1   29 27.6 30.0 24.0 35.7 23.1
d730 Relating with strangers 18 9 1   28 26.9 30.0 28.0 15.4 26.9
d850 Remunerative employment 10 9 7 2 28 26.9 15.0 32.0 7.7 50.0
d550 Eating 19 7   1 27 26.0 7.5 28.0 53.8 38.5
d825 Vocational training 12 12 3   27 26.0 12.5 28.0 15.4 50.0
d540 Dressing 22 4    26 25.2 12.5 33.3 46.2 26.9
d770 Intimate relationships 11 10 3 1 25 24.8 10.5 28.0 25.0 42.3
d560 Drinking 20 4 1   25 24.0 17.5 32.0 38.5 19.2
d750 Informal social relationships 20 3 2   25 24.0 20.0 28.0 23.1 26.9
d465 Moving around using equipment 18 2   2 22 21.8 17.9 16.7 23.1 32.0
d740 Formal relations 14 5 1   20 19.4 17.9 32.0 7.7 15.4
d710 Basic interpersonal interactions 14 4 1   19 18.3 10.0 36.0 23.1 11.5
d335 Producing nonverbal messages 16 2    18 17.1 12.5 4.0 7.1 42.3
d940 Human rights 13 3 1   17 16.3 7.5 20.0 7.7 30.8
d177 Making decisions 11 6    17 16.2 12.5 12.0 35.7 15.4
d320 Communicating with - receiving - formal sign language messages 2 5 3 5 15 14.4 12.5 16.0 14.3 16.0
d820 School education 8 6    14 13.6 5.1 12.0 0.0 34.6
d760 Family relations 10 3   1 14 13.5 12.5 12.0 0.0 23.1
d115 Listening 10 2 1   13 12.4 17.5 16.0 14.3 0.0
d172 Calculating 9 3    12 11.4 5.0 16.0 28.6 7.7
d150 Learning to calculate 9 2    11 10.6 7.7 16.0 14.3 7.7
d355 Discussion 8 1    9 8.6 12.5 8.0 14.3 0.0
d530 Toileting 7 1    8 7.7 7.5 8.0 23.1 0.0
d445 Hand and arm use 4 3    7 6.7 12.5 4.0 7.1 0.0
d950 Political life and citizenship 4 2 1   7 6.7 10.0 0.0 7.7 7.7
d570 Looking after ones health 4 1 1   6 5.8 5.0 4.0 7.7 7.7
d930 Religion and spirituality 3 3    6 5.8 12.5 4.0 0.0 0.0
d120 Other purposeful sensing 6     6 5.7 7.5 8.0 0.0 3.8
  1. ICF categories are reported that were coded as at least mildly limited or restricted in more than five percent of participants, ordered by frequency (n). Results are shown for total sample and stratified by VI-category.
  2. VI = visual impairment.
  3. §1: mild difficulty, 2: moderate difficulty, 3: severe difficulty, 4: complete difficulty.
  4. #Moderate VI: BCVA 20/63 - 20/200, Severe VI: BCVA 20/200 - 1/20, High-grade VI: BCVA 1/20 - 1/50, Blindness: BCVA ≤ 1/50.