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Table 2 Mean scores of gratitude, awe, beauty, and gratitude/awe sum score stratified by gender disease and spiritual/religious self-categorization

From: Experience of gratitude, awe and beauty in life among patients with multiple sclerosis and psychiatric disorders

  Experience of Gratitude/awe Sum score (SpREUK-P; 0–100)
  Gratitude (0–1) Awe (0–1) Beauty in life (0–1)  
Entire sample Mean 1.21 .87 1.74 42.39
SD .91 .89 .84 23.78
Gender      
Female Mean 1.29 .92 1.80 44.66
SD .92 .90 .85 23.97
Male Mean 1.01 .78 1.59 37.57
SD .87 .85 .80 22.35
F value   9.2 2.2 6.0 8.8
p value   .003 n.s. .015 .003
Diseases      
Psychotic disorders Mean 1.20 .92 1.72 42.56
SD .96 .89 .87 25.26
Depressive disorders Mean 1.11 .94 1.41 38.37
SD .92 .95 .77 24.61
Multiple sclerosis Mean 1.26 .80 1.92 44.32
  SD .88 .85 .79 22.06
F value   1.0 1.1 13.6 2.2
p value   n.s. n.s. <.0001 n.s.
SpR self-categorization      
R+S+ Mean 1.87 1.43 1.98 59.02
SD .83 .92 .75 23.74
R+S- Mean 1.44 .98 1.84 47.27
SD .88 .84 .82 23.64
R-S+ Mean 1.32 1.06 2.05 49.51
SD .90 .99 .75 24.16
R-S- Mean .88 .64 1.52 33.62
SD .81 .78 .84 20.09
F value   25.8 15.5 10.7 26.6
p value   <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001
  1. Significant differences were highlighted (bold).