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Table 2 Mean VAS values in subgroups of participants with ‘moderate/severe problems’ or with chronic disease

From: Health-related quality of life and socioeconomic status: inequalities among adults with a chronic disease

   VAS value (mean)
  N Overall Sex Educational level
    Men Women Low High
Total sample 11,177 80.0 81.1 79.0* 75.3 83.7*
Problemsa concerning:       
Mobility 1,667 56.2 57.1 55.6 54.5 59.7*
Self-care 468 50.0 53.6 47.2* 47.2 57.7*
Usual activities 1,323 53.6 55.3 52.4* 52.3 56.7*
Pain/discomfort 3,850 64.9 65.6 64.3* 62.7 68.1*
Anxiety/depression 1,379 61.3 59.5 62.2* 57.6 65.9*
At least 1 dimension 4,358 66.3 66.6 66.0 63.7 69.7*
None of these 6,749 88.9 89.4 88.4* 87.3 89.8*
Chronic diseasea       
Muscul. system 807 63.9 65.0 62.8 62.2 66.3*
Hypertension 786 63.2 63.7 62.8 60.9 67.0*
Diabetes mellitus 433 58.8 58.6 59.0 55.6 65.6*
Heart disease 292 57.0 56.7 57.4 54.8 61.6*
Rheumatism 240 59.3 60.8 58.0 57.0 64.0*
Headache/migraine 228 74.2 73.6 74.5 69.2 79.3*
Any of these six 2,128 64.5 64.5 64.5 61.8 68.6*
Any chronic disease 2,973 65.2 65.4 65.1 62.4 69.0*
  1. *p < 0.05 (t-test comparing men/women resp. low/high educational level).
  2. a)see Table 1.