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Table 2 Background and study characteristics of studies conducted in adolescents as well as children aged 10-21 years old

From: A systematic review of the impact of parental socio-economic status and home environment characteristics on children’s oral health related quality of life

Study design Study sample characteristics Age of the sample Sample size (response rate) OHRQOL instrument and method of administration Parental characteristics studied Significant parental characteristics in unadjusted analysis Significant parental characteristics in adjusted analysis Insignificant parental characteristics Quality Reference
CS Public school children in grade 6 of Kilwa district, Tanzania 10-19 1780 (72.6%) Child-OIDP (Kiswahili version) by interviewing subjects Mother’s education Family wealth index on eating and leaning Family wealth index on eating and speaking Mother’s education Moderate [39]
Father’s education Father’s education
Family wealth index
CS Sub-sample of the sixth Thailand national oral health survey 15 811 (93.1%) OIDP by interviewing children Daily pocket money None None Daily pocket money Moderate [34]
CS Secondary school children, Sao Paulo, Brazil 15-16 1060 (48.1%) OIDP attributed to malocclusion by interviewing the subjects Socio-economic status (a composite measure recorded based on participation of the head of household in the production or distribution processes) None Not conducted Socio-economic status Weak [24]
CS School children of metropolitan/non-metropolitan and urban/rural areas of Greece 15-18 515 OHIP-14 questionnaire by children in face to face interviews Parental education None Not done Parental education Weak [44]
Parental Occupation Parental Occupation
CS High school children of the province of Santiago, Chile 12-21 9155 (99.9%) Modified OHIP-Sp questionnaire by children Household size Household size Household size None Moderate [37]
Housing status Housing status Housing status
Number of cars owned by the family Number of cars owned by the family Number of cars owned by the family
Paternal income Paternal income Paternal income
Level of mother’s education Mother’s education Mother’s education
CS Secondary school students of Arusha, Northern Tanzania 12-21 2412 (80.7%) Child-OIDP (Kiswahili version) questionnaire by subjects Father’s education Mother’s education Family SES Household wealth index Moderate [41]
Mother’s education Father’s education Parents affording dental care
Family socio-economic status (perceived affluence of household) Parents affording dental care
Household wealth index (based on durable household assets indicative of family wealth) Family SES
Parents affording dental care
  1. CS - Cross-sectional; OIDP - Oral Impacts on Daily Performance; OHIP - Oral Health Impact Profile.