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Table 4 Associations between abdominal obesity and HRQOL from logistic regression analysis [OR (95% CI)] a

From: Abdominal obesity and its association with health-related quality of life in adults: a population-based study in five Chinese cities

Scales WC categories (cm)b WHRc
Mild abdominal obesity Severe abdominal obesity Abdominal obesity
Women    
  Physical functioning (PF) 1.04(0.80, 1.36) 1.40(0.99, 1.98) 1.07(0.83, 1.36)
  Role-physical (RP) 1.11(0.80, 1.54) 1.56(1.06, 2.29) 1.09(0.81, 1.47)
  Bodily pain (BP) 0.97(0.75, 1.25) 1.05(0.76, 1.45) 0.86(0.68, 1.09)
  General health (GH) 1.26(0.63, 2.55) 2.23(0.62, 8.05) 0.73(0.40, 1.36)
  Vitality (VT) 0.45(0.22, 0.90) 0.74(0.27, 2.05) 0.52(0.27, 1.00)
  Social functioning (SF) 1.13(0.89, 1.45) 1.37(0.99, 1.88) 1.12(0.89, 1.42)
  Role-emotional (RE) 0.80(0.56, 1.14) 0.78(0.51, 1.20) 0.93(0.67, 1.28)
  Mental health (MH) 0.66(0.40, 1.08) 1.40(0.65, 3.01) 0.69(0.43, 1.12)
Men    
  Physical functioning (PF) 0.73(0.55, 0.97) 0.73(0.51, 1.06) 0.89(0.69, 1.16)
  Role-physical (RP) 1.29(0.89, 1.87) 1.37(0.86, 2.18) 1.14(0.81, 1.61)
  Bodily pain (BP) 0.91(0.70, 1.20) 0.84(0.59, 1.20) 0.94(0.73, 1.21)
  General health (GH) 0.95(0.48, 1.87) 0.61(0.26, 1.39) 1.48(0.76, 2.91)
  Vitality (VT) 0.61(0.32, 1.18) 0.49(0.22, 1.11) 0.91(0.50, 1.65)
  Social functioning (SF) 0.98(0.76, 1.26) 1.41(1.02, 1.96) 1.17(0.92, 1.47)
  Role-emotional (RE) 0.99(0.67, 1.46) 1.13(0.69, 1.84) 1.05(0.73, 1.50)
  Mental health (MH) 0.86(0.49, 1.50) 0.58(0.30, 1.12) 0.96(0.58, 1.58)
  1. WC, waist circumference.
  2. WHR, waist-to-hip ratio.
  3. aThe relationship between WC, WHR, and HRQOL was analysed by logistic regression, adjusted by region, gender, age, marital status, educational level, current job, monthly family income, smoking behaviour, drinking behaviour, frequency of activities, and chronic diseases, in which the dependent variable was suboptimal HRQOL (0 represents that SF-36 scale scores equal to 100, and 1 represents SF-36 scale scores <100).
  4. bMild abdominal obesity based on WC: 80–90 cm for women and 85–95 cm for men. Severe abdominal obesity based on WC: ≥90 cm for women and ≥95 cm for men.
  5. cAbdominal obesity based on WHR: ≥0.85 for women and ≥0.90 for men.
  6. Bold values indicate that the 95% CI does not include 1.