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Table 3 Mean SF-36 scale and summary scores (standard deviation) by WC, WHR, and gender

From: Abdominal obesity and its association with health-related quality of life in adults: a population-based study in five Chinese cities

Scales WC categories WHR categories
Normal WC Mild abdominal obesity Severe abdominal obesity Normal WHR Abdominal obesity
Women      
  Physical functioning (PF) 95.5(9.2) 91.6(14.3)a 84.4(21.0)a, b 95.3(9.2) 88.3(18.2)c
  Role-physical (RP) 90.9(25.2) 86.2(31.2)a 75.2(40.2)a, b 90.1(26.6) 82.1(35.1)c
  Bodily pain (BP) 88.8(17.3) 86.0(21.0)a 81.2(24.2)a, b 88.1(18.0) 84.7(22.3)c
  General health (GH) 70.3(20.6) 69.9(21.8) 61.3(23.4)a, b 70.2(20.6) 65.8(23.0)c
  Vitality (VT) 69.0(17.8) 67.2(20.3) 61.8(21.8)a, b 68.5(18.2) 65.4(20.9)c
  Social functioning (SF) 88.6(15.1) 87.6(16.1) 84.7(17.4)a, b 88.7(15.0) 86.1(17.0)c
  Role-emotional (RE) 88.6(28.3) 89.3(28.6) 84.6(34.6) 89.2(27.8) 86.61(32.0)
  Mental health (MH) 77.7(15.1) 78.1(16.5) 75.7(17.5) 77.4(15.4) 77.5(16.7)
  Physical component summary (PCS) 53.9(5.7) 52.1(7.65)a 48.4(9.4)a, b 53.7(5.9) 50.7(8.7)c
  Mental component summary (MCS) 51.2(7.8) 51.8(8.1) 51.0(8.9) 51.3(7.9) 51.5(8.4)
Men      
  Physical functioning (PF) 96.2(9.1) 95.7(9.5) 92.8(16.0)a, b 96.2(9.4) 94.3(12.4)c
  Role-physical (RP) 91.7(25.2) 90.3(25.9) 87.3(30.7) 91.7(24.9) 88.5(28.9)c
  Bodily pain (BP) 90.0(17.6) 89.5(18.4) 88.6(19.0) 90.0(17.6) 89.0(18.9)
  General health (GH) 71.2(20.2) 70.7(20.2) 71.7(19.2) 71.5(20.1) 70.5(20.0)
  Vitality (VT) 70.6(17.5) 70.6(18.9) 70.9(18.3) 71.9(17.2) 70.0(19.5)
  Social functioning (SF) 88.9(15.8) 88.9(15.8) 84.9(18.5)a, b 88.8(16.0) 87.3(16.8)
  Role-emotional (RE) 90.9(26.4) 91.7(25.3) 90.3(27.5) 91.2(25.8) 90.8(26.9)
  Mental health (MH) 76.7(15.9) 79.9(15.2)a 78.1(16.2)a 77.3(15.7) 78.9(16.0)
  Physical component summary (PCS) 54.4(6.2) 53.6(6.3) 53.1(8.0)a, b 54.3(6.2) 53.3(7.1)c
  Mental component summary (MCS) 51.3(8.0) 52.4(7.5) 51.7(8.0) 51.6(7.7) 52.0(8.2)
  1. WC, waist circumference.
  2. WHR, waist-to-hip ratio.
  3. aP < 0.05, compared to the normal WC group by SNK-q test.
  4. bP < 0.05, compared to the mild abdominal obesity group by SNK-q test.
  5. cP < 0.05, compared to the normal WHR group by analysis of variance.