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Table 4 Baseline scores on HRQoL questionnaires of patients with and without ED visits or hospitalizations due to COPD in the first and the second year of follow-up

From: Utility of brief questionnaires of health-related quality of life (Airways Questionnaire 20 and Clinical COPD Questionnaire) to predict exacerbations in patients with asthma and COPD

HRQoL questionnaires 1st year 2nd year
ED visits Hospitalizations ED visits Hospitalizations
No ≥1 No ≥1 No ≥1 No ≥1
n = 79 n = 21 n = 87 n = 13 n = 79 n = 21 n = 81 n = 19
AQ20 7.0 ± 4.1 8.4 ± 4.1 7.3 ± 4.3 7.4 ± 2.8 7.4 ± 4.3 6.9 ± 3.3 7.3 ± 4.4 7.0 ± 3.0
CCQ         
Total 1.5 ± 0.9 2.1 ± 1.2* 1.5 ± 1.0 2.2 ± 1.0* 1.6 ± 1.0 1.7 ± 1.0 1.5 ± 1.0 1.8 ± 1.0
Symptoms 1.8 ± 1.2 2.4 ± 1.4 1.9 ± 1.2 2.4 ± 1.2 2.0 ± 1.3 2.0 ± 1.2 1.9 ± 1.1 2.0 ± 1.2
Functional 1.2 ± 1.1 1.7 ± 1.3 1.2 ± 1.1 2.0 ± 1.1* 1.2 ± 1.1 1.5 ± 1.3 1.4 ± 1.3 1.8 ± 1.3
Mental 1.3 ± 1.4 2.2 ± 1.5* 1.4 ± 1.4 2.1 ± 1.5 1.4 ± 1.4 1.6 ± 1.8 1.6 ± 1.6 1.9 ± 1.4
SGRQ scores         
Total 36.7 ± 18.4 42.6 ± 16.8 36.5 ± 18.0 47.7 ± 16.1* 37.6 ± 18.5 39.3 ± 17.0 36.8 ± 18.4 42.8 ± 16.4
Symptoms 38.8 ± 18.4 41.6 ± 20.9 38.2 ± 18.2 47.5 ± 21.8 38.7 ± 18.1 42.0 ± 21.9 38.8 ± 18.2 42.1 ± 21.8
Activity 50.7 ± 23.5 56.9 ± 19.4 50.1 ± 23.0 64.8 ± 16.2* 51.2 ± 23.3 54.9 ± 20.7 49.8 ± 23.1 61.1 ± 19.0
Impact 28.1 ± 19.9 34.7 ± 18.6 28.2 ± 19.9 38.1 ± 16.4* 29.5 ± 20.3 29.5 ± 17.6 28.8 ± 20.5 32.6 ± 16.3
CRQ scores         
Total 98.3 ± 16.2 87.0 ± 23.2 97.1 ± 18.3 87.6 ± 18.8 96.9 ± 18.0 91.7 ± 20.2 96.2 ± 18.8 93.7 ± 17.8
Dyspnea 19.1 ± 4.7 17.8 ± 5.1 18.8 ± 4.9 18.5 ± 4.1 18.9 ± 5.0 18.5 ± 4.3 18.7 ± 5.0 19.0 ± 4.2
Fatigue 19.5 ± 4.5 17.2 ± 5.9 19.4 ± 4.8 16.5 ± 5.2 19.3 ± 4.7 17.8 ± 5.6 19.2 ± 4.8 17.8 ± 5.6
Emotional Function 37.4 ± 7.4 32.2 ± 11.6 36.6 ± 8.6 34.0 ± 9.9 36.5 ± 8.5 35.2 ± 9.8 36.2 ± 8.9 36.4 ± 8.5
Mastery 22.6 ± 5.0 19.8 ± 7.2 22.5 ± 5.4 18.5 ± 6.0* 22.4 ± 5.2 20.2 ± 6.8 22.3 ± 5.5 20.4 ± 6.3
  1. Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation (X ± SD).
  2. AQ20 Airways Questionnaire 20, CCQ Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ), SGRQ St George´s Respiratory Questionnaire, CRQ: Chronic Respiratory Disease Questionnaire.
  3. P values: comparison between groups were tested using t test Mann–Whitney U (non-parametric data).
  4. *p < .05; †p < .01; Ŧp < .001.