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Table 4 Severity of the mental health disturbances among the study participants by Severity of the exposure

From: Long-term effects of sulfur mustard on civilians’ mental health 20 years after exposure (The Sardasht-Iran Cohort Study)

  Control (n = 128) Exposed (n = 367)   
Non-hospitalized (n = 192)   Hospitalized (n = 162)   
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD) P* Mean (SD) P* P**
Somatization 1.50(0.88) 1.78(0.83) 0.014 1.78(0.82) 0.016 0.998
Obsessive-compulsive 1.37(0.85) 1.54(0.81) 0.155 1.56(0.77) 0.109 0.963
Interpersonal sensitivity 1.08(0.76) 1.19(0.75) 0.428 1.15(0.75) 0.707 0.891
Depression 1.20(0.75) 1.40(0.80) 0.073 1.45(0.82) 0.024 0.840
Anxiety 1.24(0.81) 1.41(0.78) 0.184 1.42(0.81) 0.146 0.978
Hostility 1.10(0.84) 1.37(0.79) 0.013 1.36(0.78) 0.019 0.999
Phobic anxiety 0.76(0.72) 0. 75(0.81) 0.999 0.71(0.82) 0.883 0.883
Paranoid ideation 1.20(0.80) 1.31(0.75) 0.431 1.20(0.74) 0.998 0.339
Psychoticism 0.78(0.66) 0.82(0.69) 0.891 0.84(0.70) 0.795 0.972
Global severity index (GSI) 1.16(0.70) 1.31(0.68) 0.160 1.31(0.68) 0.188 1.000
Positive symptom total (PST) 51.10(23.25) 53.05(19.75) 0.695 52.73(19.93) 0.788 0.989
Positive symptom distress index (PSDI) 1.94(0.46) 2.14(0.50) 0.001 2.15(0.46) 0.001 0.986
  1. * Comparison with control group derived from t-test.
  2. ** Comparison between hospitalized and non-hospitalized group derived from t-test.