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Table 1 Demographic characteristics and the SCL-90-R score of the study groups

From: Long-term effects of sulfur mustard on civilians’ mental health 20 years after exposure (The Sardasht-Iran Cohort Study)

  Control (n = 128) Exposed (n = 367) P
Age (Mean ± SD) 42 ± 10 44 ± 11 0.262*
BMI (Mean ± SD) 25.8 ± 4.0 26.3 ± 3.9 0.293*
Marital status (number, %)    0.892**
Single 11(8.6) 33(9.0)  
Married 117(91.4) 334(91.)  
Education (number, %)    <0.001**
Primary and secondary school 99(77.3) 214(58.3)  
High school and upper 29(27.3) 153(41.7)  
Employment status (number, %)    0.237**
Employed 73(57) 231 (62.9)  
Unemployed 55 (43.0) 136 (37.1)  
Somatization (mean ± SD) 1.50(0.88) 1.78(0.82) 0.002*
Obsessive-compulsive (mean ± SD) 1.37 (0.85) 1.55(0.79) 0.031*
Interpersonal sensitivity (mean ± SD) 1.08 (0.76) 1.17(0.75) 0.246*
Depression (mean ± SD) 1.20 (0.75) 1.42(0.81) 0.007*
Anxiety (mean ± SD) 1.24 (0.81) 1.41(0.80) 0.042*
Hostility (mean ± SD) 1.10 (0.84) 1.36(0.78) 0.002*
Phobic anxiety (mean ± SD) 0.76 (0.72) 0.74(0.81) 0.780*
Paranoid ideation (mean ± SD) 1.20 (0.80) 1.26(0.74) 0.479*
Psychoticism (mean ± SD) 0.78 (0.66) 0.83(0.69) 0.540*
Global severity index (GSI) (mean ± SD) 1.16 (0.70) 1.31(0.68) 0.045*
Positive symptom total (PST) (Mean ± SD) 51.10 (23.25) 52.91(19.80) 0.406*
Positive symptom distress index (PSDI) (mean ± SD) 1.94 (0.46) 2.14(0.48) <0.001*
  1. * Comparison with control group derived from t-test.
  2. ** Comparison with control group derived from chi square test.