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Table 5 Mean (SD) PIPS scores by fibromyalgia clusters

From: Validation of a Spanish version of the psychological inflexibility in pain scale (PIPS) and an evaluation of its relation with acceptance of pain and mindfulness in sample of persons with fibromyalgia

  Entire sample (N=250) Clusters
High A and CF ( n=92) Medium A and high CF ( n=81) Low A and CF ( n=77)
Avoidance (A)* 36.29 (14.1) 50.88 (3.9) 35.62 (4.1) 18.27 (5.2)
Cognitive Fusion (CF)* 20.81(5.7) 24.29 (4.3) 22.40 (3.9) 16.02 (5.5)
Total Score 57.10 (18.2) 75.17 (6.5) 58.02 (6.3) 34.29 (8.5)
  1. *Pairwise comparisons of the PIPS total and subscale scores were all significantly different among the clusters. These differences should only be used descriptively as the cluster analytic procedure was designed to maximize them.