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Table 1 Current sample CHQ-PF mean scores compared with norms

From: Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes: parental perceptions of child health and family functioning and their relationship to adolescent metabolic control

CHQ subscales Current sample Normative sample 1   Normative sample 1  
Australian N = 95   N = 63
T1D N = 76 13-15 yrs   16-18 yrs
  Mean SD Mean SD t Mean SD t
Age (in years) 14.6 1.67       
GGH (Global Health) 81.78 19.57       
PF (Physical Functioning) 94.07 15.70 95.4 15.2 0.56 93.4 16.8 0.24
RP (Physical Limitations) 89.69 20.72 93.0 21.7 1.02 94.2 18.5 1.34
BP (Bodily Pain/Discomfort) 78.00 24.71 81.5 17.7 1.04 76.5 25.0 0.35
GH (General Health Perceptions) 60.76 17.99 73.0 17.8 4.44*** 72.8 21.3 3.61**
CH (Health change) 75.16 21.00       
REB (Emotional/Behav Limitations) 83.04 27.72 91.9 21.0 2.31* 91.5 19.8 2.03*
BE (Behaviour) 69.54 21.07 72.0 19.2 0.79 69.5 23.5 0.01
GBE (General Behaviour) 78.00 25.35       
MH (Mental Health) 72.18 18.97 78.9 15.8 2.48* 80.4 19.1 2.53*
SE (Self Esteem) 70.17 19.07 77.2 18.9 2.40* 75.1 22.2 1.41
PE (Parent Impact-Emotion) 59.10 30.56 77.9 21.1 4.56*** 80.0 21.5 4.66***
PT (Parental Impact-Time) 76.74 29.29 86.0 21.9 2.29* 89.5 22.8 2.82**
FA (Family Activities) 68.56 25.72 90.3 19.2 6.13*** 94.8 16.1 7.03***
FC (Family Cohesion) 69.54 23.86 73.5 22.1 1.11 71.9 23.5 0.58
  1. 1 HealthActCHQ (2008); *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001.