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Table 1 One-way ANOVA values comparing PedsQL among children with different weight status ( N = 336)

From: Quality of life in overweight and obese young Chinese children: a mixed-method study

Subscale n Mean SD Difference df F p value Effect size (η 2)
PedsQL         
Physical Functioning     b>d* 3,163 6.100 .001 .0473
  Underweighta 94 71.14 21.25      
  Normal Weightb 94 79.42 17.54      
  Overweightc 93 72.24 23.34      
  Obesed 55 65.23 24.17      
Emotional Functioning      3,332 .680 .565 .0061
  Underweighta 94 69.52 16.95      
  Normal Weightb 94 70.16 17.67      
  Overweightc 93 72.90 17.56      
  Obesed 55 70.73 16.14      
Social Functioning      3,332 3.299 .021 .0289
  Underweighta 94 76.22 16.84      
  Normal Weightb 94 81.12 16.64      
  Overweightc 93 76.67 19.62      
  Obesed 55 71.82 18.09      
School Functioning     b>c* 3,332 5.278 .001 .0455
  Underweighta 94 67.94 19.46      
  Normal Weightb 94 75.66 19.33      
  Overweightc 93 65.50 20.25      
  Obesed 55 65.09 20.76      
Psychosocial Health Summary      3,332 2.392 .068 .0212
  Underweighta 94 71.36 13.53      
  Normal Weightb 94 75.58 15.08      
  Overweightc 93 71.93 15.59      
  Obesed 55 69.38 15.01      
  1. Note: *p < 0.0083 based on Tukey’s HSD and Tamhane’s T2 post hoc test. Eta squared (η2) of 0.0099 indicates a small effect, 0.0588 indicates a medium effect and 0.1379 indicates a large effect [33].