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Table 2 Sense of coherence and major depression as predictors of pain specific outcomes and health-related quality of life in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain

From: Association between sense of coherence and health-related quality of life among primary care patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain

Outcome (pain or HRQoL) Adjusted (step 1) A Adjusted (step 2) B Adjusted (step 2) B
Strong SOC as the predictor Strong SOC as the predictor Absence of major depression as the predictor
  Beta SE T-value P Beta SE T-value P Beta SE T-value P
BPI severity −.064 .233 −0.27 .784 .178 .241 0.74 .461 -.880 .271 −3.25 .001
BPI interference −.576 .292 −1.97 .050 .018 .282 .06 .949 −2.16 .317 −6.82 <.0001
ASES pain self-efficacy 1.245 .272 4.58 <.0001 .702 .263 2.67 .008 1.98 .296 6.68 <.0001
CSQ pain catastrophizing −5.36 1.035 −5.18 <.0001 −2.95 0.968 −3.04 .003 −8.79 1.09 −8.07 <.0001
SF-36 general health 11.059 3.408 3.24 .001 7.503 3.514 2.14 .034 12.943 3.954 3.27 .001
SF-36 vitality 14.784 2.673 5.53 <.0001 10.683 2.685 3.98 <.0001 14.923 3.020 4.94 <.0001
SF-36 social functioning 20.589 3.415 6.03 <.0001 12.924 3.226 4.01 <.0001 27.897 3.629 7.69 <.0001
SF-12 mental component 12.083 1.433 8.38 <.0001 8.280 1.298 6.38 <.0001 13.839 1.461 9.48 <.0001
  1. AStep 1: Adjusted for age, sex, race, sociodemographic disadvantage index, medical comorbidity.
  2. BStep 2: Adjusted for variables in step 1, plus major depression.
  3. Note: SOC = Sense of Coherence; BPI = Brief Pain Inventory; ASES = Arthritis Self-Efficacy Scale; CSQ = Catastrophizing Strategies Questionnaire; SF-36 = the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey; SF-12 =.