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Table 1 Characteristics of included studies

From: A review of the psychometric performance of the EQ-5D in people with urinary incontinence

Author(s), Year Country Type of incontinence (e.g stress, urge) Treatment (if any) Study type (e.g. cross sectional, RCT, cohort) Number of participants
Ternent et al, 2009 [20] UK Stress incontinence No details Cross sectional (self-selected sample) 105 (of 188 approached)
Ismail et al, 2009 [16] UK Urodynamic stress incontinence Magnetic energy stimulation of pelvic floor muscles Cohort 48
Rinne et al, 2008 [22] Finland Stress UI with indications for surgical treatment a) Tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) RCT 267 (of 273 randomised)
b) TVT obturator (TVT-O)
Haywood et al, 2008 [7] UK Stress and/or urge incontinence in women referred for physiotherapy from primary or secondary care. Physiotherapy Cohort (RCT with data combined across arms) 174
Monz et al, 2007 [12] 15 European Countries (UK and Ireland subgroup) UI of any type in women seeking treatment At discretion of physician Cross-sectional data from cohort study 9487
Kobelt et al, 2006 [21] France, Germany, Italy, Sweden, UK Stress UI NASHA/Dx gel Cohort 82 of 139 enrolled
Dumville et al, 2006 [17] UK Proven stress UI requiring surgery Laparoscopic vs open colposuspension RCT 291
Currie et al , 2006 [10] UK Stress and non-stress incontinence in patients identified from sample which had been treated by urology department. None specified Cross-sectional 609 (from 2193 sent survey)
Monz et al, 2005 [13] 15 European countries UI in women seeking treatment None Cross-sectional data from a cohort study 9487
Manca et al, 2003 [18] (clinical outcomes from Ward 2002) UK Stress incontinence with indication for surgical management Tension-free vaginal tape vs colposuspension RCT 344
Kobelt, 1997 [14] Sweden Mixed or urge incontinence in patients who had previously received therapy from a urotherapist. None specified Cross-sectional 461 (541 sent questionnaire)
Hawthorne, 2009 [2] Australia General population sample with data on presence and severity of UI None Cross-sectional 3015
Tincello et al, 2010 [19] Germany, UK, Sweden & Ireland Stress UI, with or without urge symptoms, in women seeking treatment 36.1% receiving conservative management at baseline. 18.0% receiving drug therapy at baseline. Cross-sectional (baseline data from cohort study) 3739 of 3762 enrolled
Saarni, 2006 [9] Finland Self-reported UI in general population sample None Cross-sectional 8028 of which 13.0% reported UI
Noble et al, 2002 [11] UK Uncomplicated urinary tract symptoms in men with benign prostatic enlargement Laser therapy vs Transurethral prostrate resection vs conservative management RCT 340
Mihaylova et al, 2010 [23] Multicountry Stress UI Duloxetine vs conservative management vs duloxetine plus conservative management vs no treatment Cohort (non randomised comparison of treatments) 1510
(Germany, UK & Sweden) 40% had pure stress incontinence with the rest reporting both stress and urge incontinence
Donovan et al, 1997 [8] 12 countries Outpatients attending urology department with symptoms (not specifically incontinence) and possible benign prostatic obstruction. GP sample (not selected for condition) None Cross-sectional 1271 outpatient sample
423 GP sample (UK)
  1. GP=General Practice NASHA/Dx =non-animal-stabilized hyaluronic acid/dextranome, RCT=randomised controlled trial, UI=urinary incontinence, UK=United Kingdom.