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Table 2 Differences and significance between baseline and 8 week follow-up using paired sample t-test

From: Effect on health-related quality of life of a multimodal physiotherapy program in patients with chronic musculoskeletal disorders

Pathology EQ-5D Basel EQ-5D Post EQ-5D Mean diff. EQ-VAS Basel EQ-VAS Post EQ-VAS Mean diff. SF-12 Phys basel SF-12 Phys post SF-12 Phys mean diff. SF-12 Mental basel SF-12 Mental post SF-12 Mental mean diff.
CLBP 0.76 0.95 0.19*** 67.12 75.70 8.59*** 43.16 44.9 1.74** 45.46 48.87 3.41**
(n = 154) (±0.28) (±0.21) (0.04/-0.14) (±23.00) (±18.69) (4.34/12.83) (±10.42) (±9.47) (0.44/5.04) (±11.90) (±10.88) (0.84/5.98)
CNP 0.70 0.80 0.1*** 58.35 63.57 5.22*** 42.80 43.45 0.65** 44.78 47.88 3.10***
(n = 48) (±0.24) (±0.18) (0.05/0.14) (±21.49) (±19.67) (4.38/14.06) (±9.19) (±9.50) (0.31/2.98) (±12.40) (±9.93) (2.66/7.54)
OA 0.55 0.75 0.20** 59.89 65.79 5.90*** 38.41 41.86 3.45** 49.34 52.33 2.99***
(n = 42) (±0.32) (±0.28) (0.02/0.27) (±26.79) (±22.02) (6.71/21.29) (±10.22) (±10.42) (0.63/6.26) (±14.73) (±10.42) (3.22/10.76)
CMSKD 0.70 0.88 0.18*** 60.81 69.03 7.22*** 42.38 44.06 1.68* 46.57 49.72 3.15***
(n = 244) (±0.26) (±0.30) (0.04/0.98) (±22.65) (±22.65) (4.53/9.91) (±10.48) (±9.35) (0.33/3.03) (±11.98) (±10.56) (1.64/4.66)
  1. CLBP: Chronic low back pain.
  2. CNP: Chronic neck pain.
  3. OA: Osteoarthritis.
  4. CMSKD: Chronic musculoskeletal disease.
  5. EQ-5D: EuroQoL 5 Dimensions.
  6. EQ-VAS: EuroQoL visual analogue scale.
  7. SF-12 Phys: Physical Health State.
  8. SF-12 Mental: Mental Health State.
  9. Basel: Baseline measurement.
  10. Post: Post-intervention measurement.
  11. Significance level:
  12. * = p < 0.05.
  13. ** = p < 0.005.
  14. *** = p <0.001.