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Table 3 Summary of baseline EQ-5D, QualEFFO, OPAQ, HUI, and NHP domains/scores: EU cohort and Non-EU cohorts

From: Use of health-related quality of life measures to predict health utility in postmenopausal osteoporotic women: results from the Multiple Outcomes of Raloxifene Evaluation study

Instrument (Cohort) domain N Mean SD Min Max
OPAQ (Non-EU)
Walking/Bending 693 85.42 17.08 7.14 100.00
Standing/Sitting 692 80.16 20.83 0.00 100.00
Dressing/Reaching 691 93.10 14.76 0.00 100.00
Household/Self Care 692 93.16 12.60 31.25 100.00
Transfers 693 90.66 18.32 0.00 100.00
Usual Work 692 92.02 15.87 0.00 100.00
Fear of Falls 692 73.47 19.44 10.00 100.00
Level of Tension 690 67.93 17.38 15.00 100.00
Body Image 693 67.26 24.77 0.00 100.00
Independence 691 83.83 17.19 0.00 100.00
Back Pain 694 73.71 23.69 0.00 100.00
Fatigue 693 62.52 18.75 0.00 100.00
Social Activity 692 40.44 19.40 0.00 100.00
Support, Family and Friends 691 85.49 20.26 0.00 100.00
NHP (Non-EU)  
Emotional Reaction 681 5.08 12.57 0.00 100.00
Energy 688 11.55 23.33 0.00 100.00
Physical Mobility 686 9.54 13.42 0.00 67.16
Pain 678 11.88 21.37 0.00 100.00
Sleep 687 19.47 25.06 0.00 100.00
Social Interaction 684 2.73 9.87 0.00 79.87
HUI (Non-EU) Utility Score 694 0.85 0.12 0.22 1.00
QualEFFO (EU)
Pain 541 68.77 27.20 0.00 100.00
Daily Activity 550 91.20 13.83 11.11 100.00
Mobility 550 77.90 19.61 0.00 100.00
General Health 548 58.25 20.92 0.00 100.00
Mental Health 549 74.95 16.84 12.50 100.00
Overall QOL 524 73.42 20.13 2.00 100.00
NHP (EU)
Emotional Reaction 525 10.07 18.58 0.00 100.00
Energy 547 16.64 29.62 0.00 100.00
Physical Mobility 533 14.02 18.47 0.00 100.00
Pain 526 18.93 26.42 0.00 100.00
Sleep 536 24.37 28.63 0.00 100.00
Social Interaction 533 5.38 14.88 0.00 100.00
EQ-5D (EU) Utility Score 551 0.78 0.23 −0.59 1.00
  1. Abbreviations: EU European Union, HUI Health Utility Index, Max Maximum score, Min Minimum score, NHP Nottingham Health Profile, Non-EU Non-European Union, OPAQ Osteoporosis Assessment Questionnaire, QOL Quality of life, QualEFFO EU Foundation of Osteoporosis Quality-of-Life Assessment, SD Standard deviation.
  2. Scoring: EQ-5D scores: 0 (worst) - 1.0 (best); HUI scores: 0 (worst) - 1.0 (best); NHP scores: 0 (best) - 100 (worst); OPAQ scores: 0 (worst) - 100 (best), QualEFFO scores (54-item QualEFFO): 0 (worst) - 100 (best).