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Table 3 Sample characteristics and the prevalence of EQ-5D impairments by ethnic subgroups

From: Health literacy and ethnic disparities in health-related quality of life among rural women: results from a Chinese poor minority area

Variables Total sample Ethnic subgroups P 1
Han Hui
(n=913)
(n=388) (n=525)
Age, mean (SD) 35.18 (4.71) 36.12 (4.40) 34.49 (4.82) 0.000
Hui minority (%) 57.50    
Education (%)     
  no formal schooling 47.21 30.93 59.24 0.000
  Elementary school 28.37 36.08 22.67  
  Middle school or more 24.42 32.99 18.10  
Income: poverty (%) 48.56 47.01 49.71 0.422
Geographical location (%)     0.000
  Mountain area 30.11 22.60 35.62  
  Plain area 51.43 57.14 47.24  
  The edge of mountain and plain 18.46 20.26 17.14  
Presence of chronic disease (%) 38.16 29.64 44.47 0.000
Low HL (%) 50.66 36.65 60.58 0.000
EQ-5D: any impairment (%)     
  Mobility 8.65 7.47 9.52 0.276
  Self-care 5.59 5.15 5.90 0.626
  Usual activities 14.80 16.28 13.71 0.281
  Pain/discomfort 42.42 37.63 45.98 0.012
  Anxiety/depression 32.09 27.98 35.11 0.023
  1. 1: t test was used to compare the difference of women’s age; χ2 tests were used to compare the differences of percentages for categorical variables between ethnic subgroups.