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Table 3 Covariance between ‘defensiveness’, ‘self-presentation’, and heiQ pre-test data

From: Absence of social desirability bias in the evaluation of chronic disease self-management interventions

   HDA PAE ED SMI CAA STA SIS HSN
SD1-SD2 Cov 0.254* 0.247* 0.251* 0.249* 0.248* 0.246* 0.250* 0.240*
  (SE) (0.060) (0.058) (0.059) (0.058) (0.058) (0.058) (0.059) (0.058)
  Corr 0.482 0.480 0.473 0.478 0.475 0.477 0.480 0.477
SD1-pre Cov 0.208* 0.192* 0.233* 0.312* 0.360* 0.255* 0.264* 0.199*
  (SE) (0.071) (0.071) (0.069) (0.092) (0.084) (0.057) (0.079) (0.057)
  Corr 0.255 0.242 0.280 0.310 0.388 0.375 0.280 0.271
SD2-pre Cov 0.089 0.015 −0.032 0.155 0.032 0.098 0.009 0.019
  (SE) (0.068) (0.068) (0.065) (0.098) (0.076) (0.061) (0.070) (0.066)
  Corr 0.116 0.020 −0.041 0.156 0.037 0.153 0.010 0.026
  1. * Significant, i.e. the effect is more than twice its standard error (Bollen, 1989).
  2. Legend
  3. HDA Health-directed activity.
  4. PAE Positive and active engagement in life.
  5. ED Emotional distress.
  6. SMI Self-monitoring and insight.
  7. CAA Constructive attitudes and approaches.
  8. STA Skill and technique acquisition.
  9. SIS Social integration and support.
  10. HSN Health service navigation.
  11. SD1 Factor 1 ‘defensiveness’.
  12. SD2 Factor 2 ‘self-presentation’.
  13. Cov Covariance.
  14. SE Standard error.
  15. Corr Correlation.