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Table 2 Unadjusted mean and standard deviation of PCS-12 and MCS-12 scores by characteristics of practices and patients

From: Gender differences in health-related quality of life of Australian chronically-ill adults: patient and physician characteristics do matter

  PCS-12 MCS-12
Variable (definition) Male Female   Male Female  
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD) p-value 1 Mean (SD) Mean (SD) p-value 1
Overall score 43.0(11.7) 42.3(12.4) 0.206 50.0(10.9) 48.3(11.2) 0.002
Characteristics of patients       
Age, years       
  18–39 49.3(7.7) 46.3(11.3) 0.246 46.7(10.7) 41.9(11.9) 0.154
  40–59 46.1(10.7) 45.9(11.9) 0.870 48.2(11.0) 45.3(11.8) 0.005
  > 59 41.6(11.8) 40.5(12.4) 0.106 50.8(10.7) 50.0(10.4) 0.214
Health status       
  Good 48.1(9.1) 48.3(9.4) 0.822 53.0(8.7) 52.0(9.1) 0.059
  Poor 35.2(10.8) 34.5(11.6) 0.397 45.4(12.2) 43.4(11.7) 0.025
Home ownership       
  Own home and car 43.8(11.4) 44.1(12.1) 0.605 50.9(10.4) 49.3(10.7) 0.007
  Own home only 38.2(11.4) 37.9(12.1) 0.939 47.9(10.8) 47.2(11.4) 0.820
  Own car only 42.4(12.1) 39.7(12.3) 0.081 47.1(11.6) 45.7(11.0) 0.323
  Rent and do not own a car 34.7(11.5) 34.5(12.5) 0.935 42.3(11.8) 44.5(13.9) 0.423
Education       
  Degree/Diploma 45.7(10.3) 44.8(11.9) 0.284 51.7(10.3) 48.0(10.6) <0.001
  Elementary/High school 41.5(12.2) 41.2(12.5) 0.688 49.2(11.1) 48.3(11.4) 0.199
Employment       
  Employed 48.0(9.2) 48.2(10.7) 0.785 49.7(9.9) 47.1(10.9) 0.003
  Retired 41.5(11.6) 40.5(11.8) 0.224 52.0(10.1) 51.0(9.9) 0.152
  Unemployed2 35.6(11.9) 38.9(13.2) 0.020 43.7(13.3) 45.3(12.3) 0.248
Marital status       
  Married (married/cohabiting) 43.4(11.5) 43.4(12.2) 0.998 50.6(10.5) 49.4(10.8) 0.061
  Unmarried3 41.4(12.4) 39.9(12.6) 0.163 47.6(12.1) 46.2(11.6) 0.225
Disease       
  One condition 45.1(11.6) 43.6(12.4) 0.035 50.3(10.5) 49.0(11.0) 0.052
  Two or more conditions 40.3(11.1) 39.5(12.2) 0.378 49.5(11.3) 47.2(11.1) 0.010
Smoker       
  Yes 41.3(11.8) 41.0((12.3) 0.850 48.0(11.5) 41.9(12.1) 0.001
  No 43.3(11.6) 42.4(12.5) 0.157 50.1(10.8) 49.1(10.8) 0.056
Overall PACIC score       
  High (above median) 42.6(11.7) 41.1(12.6) 0.070 50.3(10.7) 48.4(10.6) 0.009
  Low (below median) 43.3(11.7) 43.1(12.3) 0.813 49.3(11.1) 47.6(11.6) 0.030
Characteristics of general practitioner (GP)       
Gender of GP       
  Male 42.8(11.8) 41.1(12.5) 0.014 49.9(10.8) 48.5(11.3) 0.017
  Female 44.4(10.7) 44.8(11.9) 0.716 50.1(11.3) 47.8(11.0) 0.050
Country of graduation       
  Australia 42.9(11.8) 42.3(12.5) 0.366 50.4(10.9) 48.4(11.1) 0.001
  Overseas 43.8(11.0) 42.4(12.2) 0.292 48.2(10.8) 47.8(11.5) 0.718
Years in the current practice       
  <6 42.8(11.1) 43.0(12.2) 0.799 49.3(10.8) 47.3(11.3) 0.028
  6–15 42.6(11.8) 41.7(12.9) 0.449 49.4(12.4) 49.6(11.1) 0.853
  > 15 43.6(12.1) 42.0(12.1) 0.094 51.0(9.9) 48.5(11.0) 0.003
Years as a GP       
  < 19 44.0(11.0) 43.1(12.2) 0.403 49.2(10.7) 48.1(11.3) 0.242
  19–24 42.3(12.1) 42.6(12.2) 0.819 50.3(11.0) 48.9(11.0) 0.118
  > 24 43.1(11.7) 41.2(12.9) 0.068 50.2(10.8) 47.9(11.6) 0.013
Works in a small practice (1–3 GPs) 42.8(12.4) 41.9(13.0) 0.312 49.0(11.3) 47.5(11.6) 0.082
Works in a large practice (> 3 GPs) 43.2(11.1) 42.6(12.0) 0.437 50.7(10.5) 48.9(10.8) 0.006
Location of work       
  Urban 43.7(11.4) 42.2(12.0) 0.096 51.2(9.9) 48.3(11.0) <0.001
  Rural 42.5(11.8) 42.3(12.8) 0.804 49.0(11.5) 48.3(11.3) 0.296
  1. Notes: 1p-values are for comparison of difference of each category of patient and practice characteristics using independent t- test.
  2. 2Includes patients looking for work, studying full-time, looking after family and unable to work due to sickness or disability.
  3. 3Includes single/separated/divorced/widowed.
  4. Number in each category is as shown in Table 1 subject to small number of missing values in SF12 items.
  5. Unknowns: Age = 5, Home and car ownership = 21, Education = 11, Employment = 10, Marital status = 69, Disease = 50, Overall PACIC score = 52.
  6. Patient characteristics were collected independently using PACIC for the same respondents.
  7. Number of GPs is shown in Table 1.