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Table 1 Distribution of patient gender according to patient and general practitioner characteristics for 2181 chronically-ill adults

From: Gender differences in health-related quality of life of Australian chronically-ill adults: patient and physician characteristics do matter

Variable (definition) Gender  
Male (n = 1018) Female (n = 1163) p-value 1
Number % Number %  
Characteristics of patients      
Age, years      
  18–39 18 1.8 50 4.3 0.002
  40–59 274 27.0 322 27.8  
  > 59 722 71.2 788 67.9  
Health status      
  Good 603 60.4 631 55.4 0.019
  Poor 396 39.6 509 44.6  
Home ownership      
  Own home and car 795 79.2 797 69.3 <0.001
  Own home only 22 2.2 121 10.5  
  Own car only 136 13.5 154 13.4  
  Rent and do not own a car 51 5.1 78 6.8  
Education      
  Degree/Diploma 370 36.6 356 30.9 0.006
  Elementary/High school 642 63.4 795 69.1  
Employment      
  Employed 356 35.1 329 28.6 <0.001
  Retired 512 50.5 507 44.1  
  Unemployed2 145 14.3 314 27.3  
Marital status      
  Married (married/cohabiting) 766 77.8 722 64.1 <0.001
  Unmarried3 219 22.2 405 35.9  
Disease      
  One condition 571 56.7 768 68.3 <0.001
  Two or more conditions 436 43.3 357 31.7  
Smoker      
  Yes 88 8.8 123 10.8 0.127
  No 909 91.2 1016 89.2  
Overall PACIC score      
  High (above median) 457 46.2 557 50.8 0.035
  Low (below median) 533 53.8 540 49.2  
Characteristics of general practitioner (GP)(n = 193)      
Gender of GP      
  Male (n = 121) 863 84.8 785 67.5 <0.001
  Female (n = 72) 155 15.2 378 32.5  
Country of graduation      
  Australia (n = 143) 834 81.9 912 78.6 0.686
  Overseas (n = 49) 184 18.1 248 21.4  
Years in the current practice      
  <6 (n = 85) 337 33.3 462 40.1 0.001
  6–15 (n = 56) 266 26.3 307 26.7  
  > 15 (n = 47) 408 40.4 382 33.2  
Years as a GP      
  < 19 (n = 77) 288 28.5 427 37.3 <0.001
  19–24 (n = 48) 319 31.6 366 32.0  
  > 24 (n = 54) 403 39.9 352 30.7  
Works in a small practice (1–3 GPs) (n=39) 435 42.7 487 41.9 0.686
Works in a large practice (>3 GPs) (n=154) 583 57.3 676 58.1  
Location of work      
  Urban (n = 101) 503 49.4 524 45.1 0.042
  Rural (n = 92) 515 50.6 639 54.9  
  1. Notes: 1p-values are for comparison of categories of each variable by gender using Pearson’s chi-square test.
  2. 2Includes patients looking for work, studying full-time, looking after family and unable to work due to sickness or disability.
  3. 3Includes single/separated/divorced/widowed.
  4. Unknowns: Age = 7, Home and car ownership = 27, Education = 18, Employment = 18, Marital status = 69, Disease = 50, Smoking = 46, Overall PACIC score = 94, Years as a GP = 26, Years in the practice = 19.
  5. Patient characteristics were collected independently using PACIC for the same respondents.
  6. n = number of GPs.