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Table 1 Item characteristics and factor loadings of the first full model

From: Validation of the self-management ability scale (SMAS) and development and validation of a shorter scale (SMAS-S) among older patients shortly after hospitalisation

  Item valid
N
missing mean sd λ
  Taking Initiatives      
1. How often do you take the initiative to keep yourself busy? 292 4 1.99 1.09 .65
2. How often are you engaged in making your home or room as comfortable as possible? 291 5 1.53 1.14 .46
3. How often do you take the initiative to get in touch with people who are dear to you? 291 5 1.93 1.05 .82
4. Do you sometimes try to be good at something? 283 13 1.67 1.22 .48
5. How often do you make an effort to have friendly contacts with other people? 291 5 1.67 1.06 .80
  Investment Behavior      
6. Do you ensure that you have enough interests on a regular basis (such as a hobby) to keep you active? 291 5 2.16 1.16 .65
7. Do you make sure that you get enough physical exercise in order to stay fit longer? 292 4 1.72 1.18 .49
8. Do you occasionally do something so that your contact with your acquaintances remains good? 288 8 1.47 .98 .64
9. Do you devote some time and attention to those who are dear to you in order to maintain good contact? 288 8 2.02 1.00 .77
10. Do you keep busy with the things you are good at so that you stay good at them? 285 11 1.81 1.21 .66
  Variety      
11. How many hobbies or activities do you have on a regular basis? 289 7 2.03 1.18 .67
12. Do you have different ways to relax when necessary? 289 7 .62 .82 .34
13. Do you have different occasions on which you have friendly contacts with others? 286 10 2.26 1.27 .73
14. With how many people do you have a confidential relationship? 285 11 2.54 1.32 .43
15. Are there certain things that you are good at? 266 30 1.41 1.26 .61
  Multifunctionality      
16. The activities I enjoy, I do together with others. 290 6 1.60 1.15 .59
17. I sometimes help the people I care about. 285 11 1.82 1.08 .75
18. Others benefit from the things I do for my pleasure. 277 19 1.66 1.04 .74
19. I generally spend my holidays with others. 289 7 2.68 1.39 .32
20. I practice my hobbies together with others. 288 8 1.29 1.17 .45
  Self-efficacy      
21. Are you able to find agreeable activities? 288 8 2.18 1.03 .77
22. Are you capable of taking good care of yourself? 287 9 2.74 1.07 .56
23. Are you able to have friendly contacts with others? 290 6 2.23 1.10 .86
24. Are you able to let others know that you care about them? 286 10 2.24 1.01 .67
25. Are you good at something? 282 14 1.63 1.13 .55
  Positive Frame of Mind      
26. How often are you able to see the positive side of the situation when something disagreeable happens? 278 18 1.89 1.25 .63
27. When things go against you, how often do you think that it could always be worse? 280 16 2.22 1.34 .79
28. When you are not doing well, how often do you think that there are others who are worse off? 276 20 2.21 1.30 .76
29. When you have a bad day, how often do you think that things will be better tomorrow? 275 21 2.37 1.27 .71
30. When things are not going so well, how often do you succeed in thinking positively? 284 12 2.37 1.13 .72
  1. Items in bold are included in the short version