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Table 2 Description and bivariate correlations of study variables

From: Posttraumatic growth, depressive symptoms, posttraumatic stress symptoms, post-migration stressors and quality of life in multi-traumatized psychiatric outpatients with a refugee background in Norway

Variables I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII XIII XIV
I Age - -.282* .251 .208 -.095 -.231 .212 .264 .-.238 -.127 -.135 .096 -.143 -.119
II Gender    -.082 .014 -.041 .193 -.272* -.122 .083 .165 .077 -.162 .235 .038
III Weak social network     .450** .192 .-468*** .346* .500*** -.351** -.532*** -.611*** -.558*** -.392** -.072
IV Poor social integrationa      .278* -.250 .378** .528*** -.319* -.365** -.477*** −396** .-376** −0.93
V Unemployment       -.252 .140 .229 -.343* -.312* -.369** -.384** -.194 -.111
VI PTGI-SF        -.352** -.465*** .508*** .582*** .411** .489*** .467*** .415**
VII IES-R         .694*** -.452** -.529*** -.453** -.382** -.654*** -.341*
VIII HSCL-25-Depresion          -.587*** −583*** −542*** -.508*** -.699*** -.320*
IX Physical           .732*** .464*** .481*** .615*** .565***
X Psychological            .542*** .530*** .710*** .476***
XI Social             .621*** .387** .070
XII Environmental              .477*** .326*
XIII Overall QoL               .672***
XIV Overall health               -
N 55 55 54 55 52 55 54 55 55 55 55 55 55 54
M 42.01 - 8.00 10.20 - 22.58 51.74 2.71 9.15 9.48 10.93 10.71 2.40 2.13
SD 9.14 - 2.91 2.56 - 10.03 17.08 0.64 2.37 2.51 3.09 2.43 0.89 0.95
Range 40 - 11 12 - 39 73 2.27 10.86 10.67 12 11 3 4
  1. Note: (*) Poor social integration = Social Integration Index reversed; PTGI-SF= Posttraumatic Growth Inventory- Short Form; IES-R= Impact of Event Scale; HSCL-25-Depresion = Hopkins Symptom Checklist Scale-Depression subscale; Physical = WHO Quality of Life –Bref DOM1; Psychological = WHO Quality of Life –Bref DOM2; Social = WHO Quality of Life –Bref DOM3; Environment= WHO Quality of Life –Bref DOM4; Overall QoL = WHO Quality of Life –Bref, item 1; Overall health= WHO Quality of Life –Bref, item 2.
  2. - Spearman’s rho nonparametric correlations were used for all variables, with the exception for the variables of gender and employment where Kendall tau b were used.
  3. *p<0.05, **p<0.01, ***p<0.001.