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Table 1 Demographics, pre-migration- and post-migration data, and diagnostic categories for 55 multi traumatized outpatients with a refugee background

From: Posttraumatic growth, depressive symptoms, posttraumatic stress symptoms, post-migration stressors and quality of life in multi-traumatized psychiatric outpatients with a refugee background in Norway

  Outpatients
N %
Background   
Gender (male/female) 32/23 58.2/41.8
Age groups   
<30 7 12.7
31-45 29 52.7
>45 19 34.5
Marital status   
Single 10 18.2
Married 32 58.2
Divorced 13 23.6
Having children 42 76.4
Nationality of origin   
Eastern Europe 22 40.0
Africa 9 16.4
Middle East 14 25.5
Far East 7 12.7
Latin America 3 5.5
Religion   
Christian 9 16.4
Muslim 35 63.6
Other 2 3.6
No religion 9 16.4
Pre-migration*   
Number of types of trauma (M SD) 9.9 2.6
Exposure to war 42 76.4
Captivity 31 56.4
Assault with weapon 43 78.2
Physical assault 48 87.3
Severe human suffering 49 89.1
Post-migration   
Years in Norway¹   
≤10 years 9 16.7
>10 years 45 83.3
Time since trauma (M SD) 17.5 9.6
Speaking Norwegian
medium-very good (self-evaluation)
49 90.7
Education²   
<12 years 21 38.2
12 years 9 16.4
> 12 years 23 41.8
Employment³   
Employed 13 25.0
Partly employed 8 15.4
Not employed 31 59.6
Diagnostic groups   
Affective disorders § 44 80
Anxiety disorders §§ 52 94.5
Substance use disorders §§§ 7 12.7
Eating disorders §§§§ 3 5.5
Psychotic disorders §§§§§ 1 1.8
  1. Note: (*) Pre-migration variables have been selected from the LEC (Life Events Checklist) categories.
  2. (¹) N= 54; (²) N=53; (³) N=52; (§)Any of the following diagnoses: MDD or dysthymia; (§§)Any of the following diagnoses: Panic, Agoraphobia, Social phobia, OCD, GAD or PTSD; (§§§)Any of the following conditions: Alcohol abuse disorder or Substance abuse disorder; (§§§§) Bulimia; (§§§§§) Psychosis.