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Table 4 Ordinal regression analysis for change in quality of life (dependent variable), results from a model including all covariates shown in the table

From: Physical activity and change in quality of life during menopause -an 8-year follow-up study

  N eβ CI (95%)
Age (years) 1097 1.01 0.99 to 1.30
Menopausal transition status    
Pre-prea) 225 1 (ref.)  
Pre-peri, postb) 513 0.93 0.77 o 1.14
Peri-peri/post.post-postc) 359 0.88 0.70 to 1.11
Education    
primary 284 1 (ref.)  
secondary 358 1.01 0.85 to 1.21
tertiary 455 1.28** 1.08 to 1.51
QoL at baseline    
poor 19 14.18 8.38 to 24.00
moderate 271 5.94 4.91 to 7.19
good 383 1.95 1.67 to 2.28
excellent 424 1 (ref.)  
Physical activity change (MET/week)    
decrease 232 1  
stable 590 1.46*** 1.24 to 1.73
increase 275 1.49*** 1.23 to 1.80
Weight change    
gainers 208 1  
stable 765 1.26** 1.07 to 1.50
losers 124 1.20 0.94 to 1.53
HRT Use in baseline    
Current 403 1  
Before 177 0.73 0.73 to 1.18
Never 517 1.26* 1.02 to 1.56
R2 (Nagelkerke) 0.340
  1. Interpretation of results: if eβ > 1, the odds of higher QoL are greater, whereas when eβ < 1 low QoL is more probable.
  2. *p < 0.05
  3. **p < 0.01
  4. ***p < 0.001
  5. a) premenopause at both baseline and follow up
  6. b) transition from premenopause to peri- or postmenopause
  7. c) perimenopause or postmenopause both at baseline and follow-up; from perimenopause at baseline to postmenopause at follow-up