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Table 4 Predictors of Mental Health (MCS)

From: Quality of life among tuberculosis (TB), TB retreatment and/or TB-HIV co-infected primary public health care patients in three districts in South Africa

  Unadjusted Odds Ratio (95% CI) Adjusted Odds Ratio (95% CI)a,b
Sociodemographics   
Age 1.00 (0.99–1.00) 1.02 (1.00–1.03)
Gender   
Female 1.00 1.00
Male 1.11 (0.98–1.00) 1.21 (0.83–1.77)
Education   
Grade 7 or less 1.00 1.00
Grade 8–11 1.16 (0.99–1.35) 0.75 (0.48–1.17)
Grade 12 or more 1.42 (1.20–1.68)*** 1.02 (0.59–1.74)
Marital status   
Never married 1.00  
Married/cohabitating 1.13 (0.97–1.32)  
Divorced/separated/widowed 0.80 (0.61–1.04)  
Poverty index   
Low 1.00 1.00
Medium 0.98 (0.85–1.13) 0.98 (0.65–1.48)
High 0.31 (0.25–0.38)*** 0.48 (0.26–0.90)*
Health variables   
New TB patient 1.00  
TB retreatment patient 0.93 (0.80–1.07)  
HIV negative 1.00 1.00
HIV positive 1.58 (1.38–1.80)*** 2.99 (1.61–5.57)***
Chronic conditions   
Zero 1.00  
One 1.05 (0.87–1.26)  
Two 1.20 (0.93–1.56)  
Three or more 1.13 (0.80–1.59)  
Psychological distress (K > 15) 0.28 (0.23–0.33)*** 0.09 (0.05–0.17)***
Alcohol: low risk (AUDIT 0–7) 1.00  
Medium (AUDIT 8–19) 0.92 (0.78–1.09)  
High (AUDIT 20–40) 1.00 (0.78–1.27)  
Tobacco use (daily or almost daily) 0.81 (0.69–0.94)** 0.85 (0.50–1.45)
Had sex in past 3 months 0.75 (0.66–0.85)*** 0.77 (0.53–1.11)
On ART 1.05 (0.89–1.23) ---
TB medication adherence 1.11 (0.95–1.30) ---
ART adherence 1.98 (1.48–2.67)*** 1.19 (0.78–1.87)
Partner HIV negative/unknown 1.00 1.00
Partner HIV positive 1.31 (1.13–1.51)*** 1.45 (0.99–2.16)
  1. a Using “enter” LR selection of variables.
  2. b Hosmer and Lemeshow Chi-square 14.39 df 8, 0.072; Cox and Snell R2 0.21; Nagelkerke R2 0.27.
  3. * P < 0.05; ** P < 0.01; *** P < 0.001.